Characterisation and management of ash produced in the hospital waste incinerator of Athens, Greece

Επιστημονική δημοσίευση - Άρθρο Περιοδικού uoadl:3006387 4 Αναγνώσεις

Τμήμα Αγροτικής Ανάπτυξης, Αγροδιατροφής και Διαχείρισης Φυσικών Πόρων
Ερευνητικό υλικό ΕΚΠΑ
Characterisation and management of ash produced in the hospital waste incinerator of Athens, Greece
Γλώσσες Τεκμηρίου:
Bottom and fly ash samples (BASH and FASH) from the APOTEFROTIRAS S.A. medical waste incinerator (Athens, Greece) were investigated. Powder-XRD data and geochemical diagrams showed BASH to be an amorphous material, analogous to basaltic glass, and FASH consisting of crystalline compounds (mainly CaClOH). Bulk analyses by ICP-MS and point analyses by SEM-EDS indicated a high content of heavy metals, such as Fe, Cu and Cr, in both samples. However, BASH was highly enriched in Ni while FASH was additionally enriched in Zn and Pb. Gamma-ray measurements showed that the radioactivity of both ash samples, due to natural and artificial radionuclides (137Cs, 57Co), was within the permissible levels recommended by IAEA. According to EN-type leaching tests, BASH was practically inert with regard to the mobility of the hazardous elements in aqueous media. FASH, however, showed a relatively high EN (and TCLP) leachability with regard to Pb and Zn. Finally, the stabilisation method, suggested for the treatment of FASH, included compression of the powder into briquettes using an appropriate machine and embedding the briquettes into pozzolanic cement blocks. After this treatment, TCLP and EN-type tests showed minimal release of Pb and Zn, thereby demonstrating a reliable management of ash waste. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
Έτος δημοσίευσης:
Kougemitrou, I.
Godelitsas, A.
Tsabaris, C.
Stathopoulos, V.
Papandreou, A.
Gamaletsos, P.
Economou, G.
Papadopoulos, D.
Journal of Hazardous Materials
Αριθμός / τεύχος:
Aqueous media; Ash samples; Athens , Greece; Basaltic glass; Bottom ash Glass; Bulk analysis; Characterisation; Crystalline compounds; Gamma-ray measurement; Hazardous elements; High-content; Hospital waste; Hospital wastes; Leachability; Leaching test; Medical wastes; Natural and artificial radionuclides; Pozzolanic cements; SEM-EDS; Stabilisation; Type tests; XRD, Analytical geochemistry; Ash handling; Ashes; Briquets; Cesium; Fly ash; Gamma rays; Glass; Hospitals; Leaching; Lead; Powder metals; Refuse incinerators; Waste treatment; Zinc, Waste incineration, cesium 137; chromium; cobalt 57; copper; glass; heavy metal; iron; lead; zinc, aqueous solution; bottom ash; cement; crystallinity; fly ash; gamma ray radiation; geochemical method; glass; hazardous waste; heavy metal; hospital sector; incineration; leaching; waste management; X-ray diffraction, article; ash; atomic emission spectrometry; crystal; device; gamma radiation; geochemical analysis; Greece; hazardous waste; hospital waste; hospital waste incinerator; incineration; mass spectrometry; powder diffraction; radioactivity; scanning electron microscopy; waste management; X ray diffraction, Greece; Incineration; Maintenance and Engineering, Hospital; Mass Spectrometry; Microscopy, Electron, Scanning; X-Ray Diffraction, Athens [Attica]; Attica; Greece
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