Εpidemiological study of breastfeeding in Greece

Doctoral Dissertation uoadl:1308440 131 Read counter

Unit:
Τομέας Υγείας - Μητέρας - Παιδιού
Library of the School of Health Sciences
Deposit date:
2013-05-20
Year:
2013
Author:
Πρεζεράκου Αναργυρούλα
Dissertation committee:
Θεμιστοκλής Καρπάθιος, Πολυξένη Νικολαΐδου-Καρπαθίου, Εμμανουήλ Καβαζαράκης
Original Title:
Eπιδημιολογική μελέτη του μητρικού θηλασμού στην Ελλάδα
Languages:
Greek
Translated title:
Εpidemiological study of breastfeeding in Greece
Summary:
The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of exclusive and any
breastfeeding in Greek mothers and examine the determinants that are associated
with maternal infant feeding intention, initiation and duration of
breastfeeding.
Methods: A prospective longitudinal study was conducted in 2000 and included
4310 Greek mothers from seven hospitals of Greece. Individuals were interviewed
by two physicians who completed a questionnaire in the maternity ward on the
fourth day postpartum, and included data about perinatal, sociodemographic,
psychological and environmental factors associated with mothers and their
intention to breastfeed their neonates. A second questionnaire, with data about
duration of breastfeeding, was answered by 75,5% of the participants at 8-12
months postpartum.
Results: The initiation rates of any and exclusive breastfeeding in
Greek maternity wards were 85% and 23% respectively. Mother’s intention to
breastfeed was positively influenced by maternal entitlement more than six
months, previous breastfeeding experience, mother’s upbringing abroad and
delivery in autumn or winter. Duration of breastfeeding was influenced by
intention to breastfeed, type of hospital, region of mother’s upbringing,
mother’s age, duration of maternal entitlement, mother’s and father’s level of
education, paternal grandfather’s and grandmother’s education previous
experience of breastfeeding and support from family members. Working Greek
mothers breastfeed more than housewives.
Conclusion: Programs to promote breastfeeding in Greece are necessary and
should probably support young mothers who lack breastfeeding experience,
housewives and working mothers with a maternity entitlement less than six
months.
Keywords:
Exclusive Breastfeeding, Initiation of Breastfeeding in Maternity Wards, Intention of Breastfeeding, Duration of Breastfeeding, Ten Steps of Breastfeeding
Index:
Yes
Number of index pages:
1
Contains images:
Yes
Number of references:
171
Number of pages:
133
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