Earthquake Prediction as a Subject of Scientific Controversy:Experimental Practice, Governmental Policy,and Science in the Public Sphere.

Doctoral Dissertation uoadl:1308939 372 Read counter

Unit:
Τομέας Ιστορίας της Επιστήμης και της Τεχνολογίας
Library of the School of Science
Deposit date:
2016-07-15
Year:
2016
Author:
Kατσαλούλης Ηρακλής
Dissertation committee:
Θεόδωρος Αραμπατζής Καθηγητής (Επιβλέπων), Κώστας Γαβρόγλου Ομότ. Καθηγητής, Αριστοτέλης Τύμπας Αναπλ. Καθηγητής
Original Title:
Η Πρόβλεψη Σεισμών ως Αντικείμενο Επιστημονικής Διαμάχης: Πειραματική Πρακτική, Κρατική Πολιτική, και Επιστήμη στη Δημόσια Σφαίρα
Languages:
Greek
Translated title:
Earthquake Prediction as a Subject of Scientific Controversy:Experimental Practice, Governmental Policy,and Science in the Public Sphere.
Summary:
In 1981 the Geek scientists, Kaisar Alexopoulos, Panayiotis Varotsos, and
Konstantinos Nomicos proposed a method, called the VAN method, as a candidate
for earthquake prediction. Not surprisingly, shortly after its publication the
VAN method caused a fierce controversy among scientists, since earthquake
prediction had always been a highly controversial field of research. The aim of
this dissertation is the reconstruction of this controversy using the
methodological tools that Science and Technology Studies provide. In order to
fully understand the complexities of this controversy we reliedon the
historical, philosophical, and sociological literature on scientific
controversies and experimental practice. We tried to answer questions such as
the following: what is the reasoning that scientists follow in order to
evaluate an experiment and the results that it produces? What is the definition
of a successful prediction? What extra-scientific factors influence scientists
in the process of decision-making? Many episodes of the controversy under study
unfolded in the public sphere. So, in order to achieve a fuller understating of
it, we used newspapers and other mass media. We studied the interaction between
scientists, on the one hand, and the lay public or political decision makers,
on the other. The relevant chapters of the dissertation point out the ways that
scientists communicate their knowledge to the wider public, the aims of this
communication, and the ways in which the wider public perceives scientific
knowledge.
Keywords:
History of Science, Scientific Controversy, Experiment, Science Policy, Earthquake Prediction
Index:
No
Number of index pages:
0
Contains images:
Yes
Number of references:
146
Number of pages:
IV, 295

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