Symmetries of Differrential equations and Applications in Relativistic Physics

Doctoral Dissertation uoadl:1309749 422 Read counter

Unit:
Τομέας Αστροφυσικής, Αστρονομίας και Μηχανικής
Library of the School of Science
Deposit date:
2015-01-10
Year:
2015
Author:
Παλιαθανάσης Ανδρόνικος
Dissertation committee:
Μιχάλης Τσαμπαρλής Καθηγητής (Επιβλέπων), Σπύρος Βασιλάκος Διευθυντής Ερευνών , Χρήστος Ευθυμιόπουλος Ερευνητής Α΄
Original Title:
Symmetries of Differrential equations and Applications in Relativistic Physics
Languages:
English
Translated title:
Συμμετρίες διαφορικών εξισώσεων και εφαρμογές στην σχετικιστική αστροφυσική
Summary:
In this thesis, we study the one parameter point transformations which leave
invariant the differential equations. In particular we study the Lie and the
Noether point symmetries of second order differential equations. We establish a
new geometric method which relates the point symmetries of the differential
equations with the collineations of the underlying manifold where the motion
occurs. This geometric method is applied in order the two and three dimensional
Newtonian dynamical systems to be classified in relation to the point
symmetries; to generalize the Newtonian Kepler-Ermakov system in Riemannian
spaces; to study the symmetries between classical and quantum systems and to
investigate the geometric origin of the Type II hidden symmetries for the
homogeneous heat equation and for the Laplace equation in Riemannian spaces. At
last but not least, we apply this geometric approach in order to determine the
dark energy models by use the Noether symmetries as a geometric criterion in
modified theories of gravity.
Keywords:
Symmetries, Differential Equations, Invariants, Riemannian geometry, Cosmology
Index:
Yes
Number of index pages:
XV,XVI
Contains images:
No
Number of references:
189
Number of pages:
XVI, 289
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