Τομέας Νέας Ελληνικής ΦιλολογίαςLibrary of the School of Philosophy
Δημήτρης Αγγελάτος, Καθηγητής Νεοελληνικής Φιλολογίας, Τμήμα Φιλολογίας, Φιλοσοφική Σχολή ΕΚΠΑ
Ερασμία–Λουίζα Σταυροπούλου, Ομότιμη Καθηγήτρια, Τμήμα Φιλολογίας, Φιλοσοφική Σχολή ΕΚΠΑ
Παντελής Βουτουρής, Καθηγητής Νεοελληνικής Φιλολογίας, Τμήμα ΒΝΕΣ, Πανεπιστήμιο Κύπρου
Άννα Χρυσογέλου–Κατσή, Αναπληρώτρια Καθηγήτρια Νεοελληνικής Φιλολογίας, Τμήμα Φιλολογίας, Φιλοσοφική Σχολή ΕΚΠΑ
Θανάσης Αγάθος, Επίκουρος Καθηγητής Νεοελληνικής Φιλολογίας, Τμήμα Φιλολογίας, Φιλοσοφική Σχολή ΕΚΠΑ
Πέγκυ Καρπούζου, Επίκουρη Καθηγητρία Νεοελληνικής Φιλολογίας, Τμήμα Φιλολογίας, Φιλοσοφική Σχολή ΕΚΠΑ
Γιάννης Ξούριας, Επίκουρος Καθηγητής Νεοελληνικής Φιλολογίας, Τμήμα Φιλολογίας, Φιλοσοφική Σχολή ΕΚΠΑ
Το λογοτεχνικό έργο του Γιάννη Βλαχογιάννη - Επαχτίτη
The literary work of Yiannis Vlachoyiannis – Epachtites
This thesis examines the particularities of the literary work (narrative and poetry) of Yiannis Vlachoyiannis - Epachtites. With regard to the narrative work, in the first chapter, two genre categories determined narratively and structurally are proposed (narratives, scenography), which are delimited on the basis of a combinatorial approach and use of the studies of G. Genette, G. Freytag and J. M. Schaeffer on which we focused narratively and by genre. Specifically, criteria such as: a) the dominance of dialogues over the narrative parts, b) the rudimentary or even non-existent pyramidal development and c) the immobilization of time and space, differentiate the scenography works from the main body of the narratives in which: a) the narrative parts dominate over the dialogues, b) a structural design with a character of a pyramidal development is presented and c) they are composed on the basis of a more complex grid of time developments and displacements. By evaluating the expressed aesthetic perceptions of the author and taking into account his conscious attempt to remove from the said narratives any sign of personal-artistic creation, the characteristics of the scenography works are presented to be the orality, the delimitation of the representation object, the symbolic representation of the global status of national moral values, the rhythmic formulation of speech and the transfer of the dominant collective sentiment.
In the second chapter, the two structurally and narratively determined genre categories were divided into the categories – determined by theme – of experiential and non-experiential narratives and we proceeded to the composition of the characteristics of – according to Vlachoyiannis – an “exemplary” popular creation, which largely shape the tropological mechanisms of construction of his narratives.
In the third chapter we examined Vlachoyiannis’ poetry highlighting the contradictory positions of criticism according to which his work was influenced by aesthetic trends (parnassianism – symbolism) and poets (K. Palamas, G. Byron, P. B. Shelley, D. Solomos, A. Valaorites), we identified the various functional value of the poems and poetic citations in the narratives and we identified that in his poetry, reality is not conceived only as a source of symbols for the expression of the inner world of the poet thanks to the power of imagination, neither as an independent entity worthy (in this case in relation to his poetry) of being the subject of a literary representation. At the end of the third chapter we examined views of the metric/rhythmic organisation of his poems.
In the centre of the investigation in the fourth chapter, the linguistic choices of the author were presented. Through the co-evaluation of his references in studies of a linguistic content and the specific presentation of the language of his works, we argued that the linguistic proposal of Vlachoyiannis deviates from the “katharevousa” as well as from Psycharis’ modern Greek and we arrived at the general conclusion that Vlachoyiannis prejudges the legalisation of every linguistic type (even if it derives from “katharevousa”) which has been integrated in language usage. Apart from defining his linguistic proposal, we analysed in detail matters such as the critical receipt of the language of his literary work by the group of important peers of him, its level of dissemination, the impact of his language perceptions and the linguistic changes observed in the revised versions of his work. At the end of the chapter, we concluded at the full conjunction of the language of his texts with the vernacular of his time. This continuous readjustment of his language was interpreted through the perspective of his ideological aim to shape a unified language (based on language usage), which could be the way to national self-awareness and assimilation.
Main subject category:
Byzantine and Modern Greek literature
Vlachoyiannis, Epactites, scenography, narratives, pyramidal development, popular creation, symbolism, combinatorial approach, experiential narratives
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