Κατεύθυνση Αρχαία Ελληνική ΦιλολογίαLibrary of the School of Philosophy
Βασίλειος Βερτουδάκης, Επίκουρος Καθηγητής, Τμήμα Φιλολογίας, Φιλοσοφική Σχολή ΕΚΠΑ
Μαίρη Γιόση, Καθηγήτρια, Τμήμα Φιλολογίας, Φιλοσοφική Σχολή ΕΚΠΑ
Σοφία Παπαϊωάννου, Καθηγήτρια, Τμήμα Φιλολογίας, Φιλοσοφική Σχολή ΕΚΠΑ
«ματρὸς περὶ γούνασιν»: Οι τραγικές μορφές της Νιόβης και της Μήδειας στα εκφραστικά επιγράμματα 129-143 της Πλανούδειας Ἀνθολογίας
‘ματρὸς περὶ γούνασιν’: Niobe’s and Medea’s tragic figures in ecphrastic epigrams 129-143 of the Planudean Anthology
This MA thesis investigates the epigrams of the Planudean Anthology about Niobe and Medea (PlA 129-143) as cases of epigrams on mythical figures and, at the same time, as ecphrastic epigrams. Thus, the research concerns the intersection of these two groups of literary epigrams, with a binary aim: on the one hand, to examine the manner in which the epigrammatists treat the mythological material and the literary tradition; on the other, to examine how the reception of this tradition is influenced by the conventions of the sub-genre of the ecphrastic epigram and, subsequently, how it influences them. In other words, the dissertation examines the ways in which the reception of the literary tradition interweaves with the literary locus of ecphrasis and contributes to the ecphrasis’ configuration and evolution.
The first, theoretical, chapter focuses on matters of terminology and the identity of the genre of the ecphrastic epigram and analyzes the genre’s relation to contemporary philosophical thought, the intellectual movement, and the aesthetic principles which rule the arrangement of the epigrams into anthologies. Chapters 2 and 3 examine the epigrams about Niobe and Medea respectively, according to the formerly exposed research axes, and they highlight the way each epigram converses with the previous tradition and its context; before the analysis of the epigrams, the reader finds a brief survey of the literary tradition about the heroine and her most common representations in the visual arts.
The conclusions shed light on the ways in which the two main activities of the intellectual elites of the Hellenistic and the Imperial Era (namely the interest in both the visual arts and the literary tradition) interact in this specific genre, and are, consequently, reflected in it, influenced by its generic features; furthermore, they demonstrate the importance of the sub-genre of ecphrastic epigram for both the perception of the myth and of the literary tradition, and for the development of ecphrasis as a literary locus.
Main subject category:
Language – Literature
Hellenistic epigram, ecphrasis, ecphrastic epigrams, Niobe, Medea, Greek Anthology, Planudean Anthology, Meleager's Garland, Philip's Garland, Theodoridas (epigrammatist), Antipater of Sidon (epigrammatist), Meleager, Antipater of Macedonia (epigrammatist), Antiphilus (epigrammatist), Philip of Thessalonica (epigrammatist)
Number of references:
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