Κατεύθυνση Οργάνωση και Διοίκηση Υπηρεσιών ΥγείαςLibrary of the School of Health Sciences
Γεώργιος Φιλντίσης, Καθηγητής, Νοσηλευτική, ΕΚΠΑ
Κωνσταντίνος Τσουμάκας, Καθηγητής, Νοσηλευτική, ΕΚΠΑ
Νικόλαος Φώτος, Επίκουρος Καθηγητής, Νοσηλευτική, ΕΚΠΑ
Μακροχρόνιος μητρικός θηλασμός. Πρόληψη νοσημάτων και οικονομικές επιδράσεις
Prolonged breastfeeding.Disease prevention and economic impact
Introduction: Over the last decades it has been observed that there is a significant increase in information campaigns about prolonged exclusive breastfeeding. Therefore, our main objective is to consider the benefits of breastfeeding regarding disease prevention both in mothers and children as well as the economic impact involved.
Aim: The purpose of the present systematic review is the research of the impact of breast feeding on disease prevention and its possible economic benefits.
Material and Method: Literature published between May 2017 and June 2017 was researched using Pubmed with chronical criterion the last 5 years. The research occurred through all levels of evidence. The key words «breast feeding», «breastfeeding», «prolonged breast feeding», «benefits» and «prevention» researched as part of the title, abstract or entire article.
Results: Exclusive breastfeeding results in prevention of chronic diseases in mothers like diabetes mellitus type 2, breast cancer, endometrial cancer, ovary cancer as well postpartum depression. Moreover, regarding children the prevention of infections and chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus type 1, obesity and cancer is amplified. The main outcome is the decrease in healthcare cost and mortality rates.
Conclusion: The exclusive breastfeeding for the infants is imperative for the improvement of public health and the best management of health economics.
Key words: «breast feeding», «breastfeeding», «prolonged breast feeding», «benefits», «prevention»
Main subject category:
Breastfeeding, Prolonged breastfeeding, Benefits, Prevention
Number of references: