Κατεύθυνση Αρχαία Ελληνική ΦιλολογίαLibrary of the School of Philosophy
Δημήτριος Καραδήμας, Αναπληρωτής Καθηγητής Κλασικής Φιλολογίας, Τμήμα Φιλολογίας, Φιλοσοφική Σχολή ΕΚΠΑ
Μαίρη Γιόση, Καθηγήτρια Κλασικής Φιλολογίας, Τμήμα Φιλολογίας, Φιλοσοφική Σχολή ΕΚΠΑ
Βασίλειος Λεντάκης, Αναπληρωτής Καθηγητής Κλασικής Φιλολογίας, Τμήμα Φιλολογίας, Φιλοσοφική Σχολή ΕΚΠΑ
Υπακοή στους νόμους της πόλης: Συγκριτική μελέτη των πρώιμων πλατωνικών απόψεων και του δεκάτου βιβλίου των Νόμων
Obedience to the laws of the city: Comparative study of early Platonic views and the tenth book of the Laws
The problem of an appropriate and correct attitude (obedience or disobedience) of a citizen to the laws of his city admittedly carries a universal and pan-human character, since its treatment involves every city and every organized human society over time.
How many of us have not wondered if we ought to obey all the laws of our city, even those who are unfair. Reflection on the law could not but be the subject of debate among the great thinkers of classical antiquity. Among them is Plato, at whose core of thought and philosophy the above mentioned issue is. The aim of this study is therefore to investigate in a comparative manner the early and late Platonic views on the question of the proper behavior of all citizens, of any age, towards the laws of their city. In the first chapter, which follows the general introduction, which gives the guidelines of the whole work, the Apology and Kriton (the two early dialogues that have been chosen for our own purposes) are examined comparatively and it is attempted to resolve the observed by the scholars inconsistency with each other regarding our central issue. From the presentation and description of Socrates' attitude to the actual laws of Athens of his time and by our attempt to separate the beliefs of the two philosophers, a matter of great controversy even for the scientific community itself, will emerge the early Platonic views on our main subject. It will be followed by the study of the tenth book of the Laws, in which Plato, attempting to philosophically ground his own laws, will develop and complete his theory of natural law. Then, after the comparative study of the philosopher's primary and subsequent views (the central chapter of our writing), we will be led to the epilogue, where we will summarize the conclusions that we have come up with through the study of the primary material and the secondary literature.
Main subject category:
Philosophy - Psychology
obedience, disobedience, laws, natural law, persuasion, law, nature, philosophical truth, Platonic views
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