Anxiety and depression in patients with permanent pacemaker

Postgraduate Thesis uoadl:2418174 368 Read counter

ΠΜΣ Εργαστηριακή και Κλινική Νοσηλευτική Καρδιολογία
Library of the School of Health Sciences
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Mamoureli Aggeliki
Supervisors info:
Πολυκανδριώτη Μαρία, Καθηγήτρια Α.Τ.Ε.Ι. Αθηνών
Μπαμπάτσικου Φωτούλα, Καθηγήτρια Α.Τ.Ε.Ι Αθηνών
Φλεβάρη Παναγιώτα, Καρδιολόγος
Original Title:
Άγχος και κατάθλιψη ασθενών με βηματοδότη
Translated title:
Anxiety and depression in patients with permanent pacemaker
Purpose: The present study was to investigate the factors associated with anxiety and depression of patients with a pacemaker. Material and Method: The study sample consisted of 230 pacemaker patients. Data collection was conducted with the presence of the researcher using a questionnaire created by the researcher that included patients' characteristics as well as the "The Hospital Anxiety And Depression Scale (HADS)" for assessing patient anxiety and depression. Results: 60.1% and 69.0% of patients reported low levels of anxiety and depression, respectively. High levels of anxiety and depression were observed in 26.9% and 14.1%, respectively. Women have a 4.62 and 2.76 times higher probability than men to show moderate and high levels of anxiety compared to low levels (OR = 4.62 [95% CI: 1.81-11.78 ], P = 0.001 and OR = 2.76 [95% ΔE: 1.30-5.82], p = 0.008). Patients aged 50-70 years have a 4.03-fold greater probability than those who are <50 years of age to have high levels of anxiety compared to low levels (OR = 4.03 [95% CI: 1.18-13.75 ], P = 0.026). Patients with more than one child have 59% less chance of having no or one child with high levels of anxiety compared to low levels (OR = 0.41 [95% DE:, 017-0.99 ], P = 0.049). In addition, patients who were little or no informed of their health problem have a 10.47-fold higher probability than patients who were very well informed about moderate levels of stress compared to low levels (OR = 10.47 [95 % ΔΕ: 2.07-53.03], p = 0.005). Similar results were also observed for depression levels. Conclusions : Measuring anxiety and depression is increasingly important in both clinical practice and research and consists a challenge for clinicians involved in the care of individuals with pacemaker. Early assessment of factors affecting anxiety and depression would have a positive effect on disease management.
Main subject category:
Health Sciences
Anxiety, Depression, Pacemaker
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