The effect of smoking cessation on the quality of life of patients receiving treatment for lung cancer

Postgraduate Thesis uoadl:2609955 335 Read counter

ΠΜΣ Καρκίνος Πνεύμονα: Σύγχρονη Κλινικοεργαστηριακή Προσέγγιση και Έρευνα
Library of the School of Health Sciences
Deposit date:
Chistodoulou Avgi
Supervisors info:
Νικόλαος Συρίγος, Καθηγητής, Ιατρική, ΕΚΠΑ
Ρούσσου Παρασκευή, Αναπλ. Καθηγήτρια Ιατρική, ΕΚΠΑ
Ιωάννης Γκιόζος, Διδάκτωρ, Ιατρική, ΕΚΠΑ
Original Title:
Η επίδραση της διακοπής καπνίσματος στην ποιότητα ζωής των ασθενών που λαμβάνουν θεραπεία λόγω καρκίνου του πνεύμονα
Translated title:
The effect of smoking cessation on the quality of life of patients receiving treatment for lung cancer
Background: Lung cancer is a disease that both its onset and its clinical course is directly related to smoking behavior.
Aim: The aim of this work is to highlight the effect of smoking and its discontinuation on improving the health status of patients with lung cancer and, more particularly, on improving the quality of life.
Methodology: The methodological approach followed in this research is quantitative. A questionnaire was used, consisting of four parts examining demographics, the Fangestrom test, the quality of life of the patients (EQRTCQLQ C30) and the LC13 questionnaire designed to be targeted specifically at patients with lung cancer. In addition, they evaluated the intensity of various symptoms, such as diarrhea, constipation, sleep disorders, hemoptysis, nausea, alopecia, peripheral neuropathy, and others. Finally, they evaluated their overall health and quality of life. Data analysis was performed using the SPSS 20.0 statistical analysis program.
Results: A survey was conducted using a specialized questionnaire and addressed to 72 patients with lung cancer. Patients were categorized into four groups, depending on their smoking behavior. The sample consisted of 22% of current smokers, 37% of former smokers and 35% of smokers who had recently quit smoking. Therefore, non-smokers were the minority, with 6%.
The histological type of lung cancer that prevails is adenocarcinoma (with 44%). 83% of the sample recognizes the effect of smoking on the occurrence of symptoms such as cough, hemoptysis and fatigue, and 78% realize the need to stop it. The highest score on the level of overall health and quality of life does not exceed 50 out of 100 in any of the three treatment cycles. Smokers who recently quit smoking were those who relapsed most.
Conclusions: The effect of smoking on lung cancer is evident in several stages of the disease, in the appearance and intensity of significant symptoms and in the levels of five stages of quality of life.
Main subject category:
Health Sciences
Disease, Lung cancer, Smoking, Oncology, Quality of life
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