Κατεύθυνση Οργάνωση και Διοίκηση Υπηρεσιών ΥγείαςLibrary of the School of Health Sciences
Μαριάννα Διομήδους, Επίκουρη Καθηγήτρια, Τμήμα Νοσηλευτικής, ΕΚΠΑ Ιωάννης Μαντάς, Καθηγητής, Τμήμα Νοσηλευτικής, ΕΚΠΑ Νικόλαος Φώτος, Επίκουρος Καθηγητής, Τμήμα Νοσηλευτικής, ΕΚΠΑ
Καταγραφή των στάσεων και των απόψεων του ενήλικου πληθυσμού της Ελλάδας για τον προληπτικό εμβολιασμό
Recording the attitudes and views of the adult population in Greece towards preventive inoculation
Purpose: During the last decade there has been an increase in the anti-vaccination movement in all developed countries and a corresponding decline in the vaccination coverage in many of them. Recent examples are the measles epidemics that occurred in areas of the European community. On this occasion, it was considered appropriate to carry out the present survey, in order to identify the attitudes of the adult population in Greece regarding the issue of the preventive vaccination. Method: In the survey participated 408 adult men and women, from 18 to 80 years-old, living in Greece. A questionnaire was used to collect the data. The survey was carried out during February 2017-February 2018. The distribution and completion of the questionnaires was done electronically through a social networking platform. Simple random sampling was followed. The SPSS Statistics was used for the data analysis. Results: According to the data that were collected, 93.9% of the participants has been vaccinated in the past. The 94.1% decided to vaccinate for the protection of their own, their family, and for those around them. The 18.4% of the respondents was in favor of avoiding vaccines. Almost half of respondents noted they were aware of the recommended vaccines based on the National Vaccination Program (53.9%) and of their vaccination coverage (54.2%). The 87.7% considered that the citizens were not sufficiently informed about vaccination issues. The main sources of information are: the family physician (47.1%), the internet (24.5%), the HCDCP (10.8%) and the pharmacist (7.1%). There are people who say they have received no information (16.7%). Conclusions: It has been observed that as the age increases, the vaccination coverage that individuals claim to have, declined. Also, the lower the educational level, the greater the people's ignorance of vaccination coverage and how vaccines work. Therefore, a greater effort is needed to ensure that the public is properly informed, emphasizing on the less educated and older population, so they understand that preventive vaccination continues in adulthood for their own safety and well-being. Key words: infectious diseases, prevention, vaccination, inoculation, immunization, vaccines, National Vaccination Program, HCDCP, epidemics, pandemics, preventive vaccination.
Main subject category:
Infectious diseases, Prevention, Vaccination, Inoculation, Immunization, Vaccines, National Vaccination Program, HCDCP, Epidemics, Pandemics, Preventive vaccination
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