Κουτής Χαρίλαος, Ομ. Καθηγητής, Υγιεινή Επιδημιολογία & Δημόσια Υγεία, Πανεπιστήμιο Δυτικής Αττικής
Μπαμπάτσικου Φωτούλα, Αναπληρώτρια Καθηγήτρια, Νοσηλευτική, Πανεπιστήμιο Δυτικής Αττικής
Φασόη Γεωργία, Αναπληρώτρια Καθηγήτρια, Νοσηλευτική, Πανεπιστήμιο Δυτικής Αττικής
Introduction: Acute myocardial infarction is the first cause of death in Western societies. According to the bibliographic review, risk factors that cause stroke are classified as modifiable (smoking, diabetes, hypercholesterolaemia, hypertension, psychological factors, physical activity, obesity) and non-modifiable (sex, age, family history ).
The aim of this study was to assess the risk factors in people with myocardial infarction.
Methodology: Our sample comprised 156 patients aged 45-75 years with acute myocardial infarction, regardless of sex, who were hospitalized at the cardiology clinic of PGN Attikon. The data collection was made using a questionnaire specially designed for the needs of research, showing demographic characteristics, anthropometric features, lifestyle habits such as smoking, nutrition, exercise, psychological condition. For the statistical analysis of the data the SPSS 21 statistical package was used
Results: In the context of the research, we created the variable Total Risk Factors resulting from the sum of factors: body mass index, family history of Acute Coronary Syndrome, hypertension, elevated cholesterol, pathological triglyceride values, diabetes, smoking presently and in the past the frequency of any physical activity. It was found that the variable set of risk factors has a statistically significant correlation with the sex (p value = 0.043) the age (p value= 0.001) and the first manifestation of coronary syndrome (p value = 0.041).
Conclusion: The immediate practical findings of the study confirm the theory that a combination of factors is required to cause acute myocardial infarction. The number of factors, as well as their combined influence, differs depending on the patient's age, sex, and previous cardiac surgery.