ΠΜΣ Εργαστηριακή και Κλινική Νοσηλευτική ΚαρδιολογίαLibrary of the School of Health Sciences
Οικονομίδης Ιγνάτιος, Αναπληρωτής Καθηγητής, Ιατρική, ΕΚΠΑ
Φρογουδάκη Αλεξάνδρα, Καρδιολόγος, Διευθύντρια ΕΣΥ, Β Πανεπιστημιακή Καρδιολογική Κλινική, Νοσοκομείο "Αττικόν"
Πολυκανδριώτη Μαρία, Επίκουρος Καθηγήτρια, Νοσηλευτική, Πανεπιστήμιο Δυτικής Αττικής
Ενήλικες ασθενείς με συγγενείς καρδιοπάθειες: συσχέτιση της νόσου με τη νοημοσύνη και το μορφωτικό επίπεδο
Adult patients with congenital heart disease: correlation of disease with intelligence and educational level
Introduction: Adults with congenital heart disease are a single patient population and need to provide specialized medical care throughout their lives. In adults with congenital heart disease, mental health and quality of life become important issues due to improved life expectancy. The current bibliography provides conflicting data on mental health status in congenital heart disease. Mental disturbances, particularly mood and anxiety disorders, are more common in patients with congenital heart disease.
Purpose: It is to investigate the correlation of the severity of the disease, and the number of surgical interventions to which patients have undergone, with cognitive function in adult patients with different gravity congenital heart disease.
Methodology: In this study, the questionnaire was used as a research tool for data collection and was carried out at “ATTIKON” Hospital in Athens, where the questionnaires were shared in 44 patients of the Adult Congenital Heart Diseases Clinic from March 2016 to May 2017. When collecting the questionnaires and in their study, it was found that 3 questionnaires were not completed in full, resulting in the evaluation of 41. Also the Intelligence Quotient (IQ) was measured.
Results: Of the 41 adult patients, 17 were male patients and 24 were women. Their average age is 30.4 years, with most of them aged 21-25 years. Most participants hold 11 patients degrees of IEK (Institute of Vocational Training) titles, 11 patients degrees of SE (Secondary Education Certificate). The average patient intelligence score is 94.82 with a large percentage of patients (20 patients - 49%) having low intelligence or being mentally depressed (IQ < 90). Regarding the medical history of the participants, most of them had moderate heartburn (24 patients) and their functional NYHA (New York Heart Association) class was I (23 patients). Also, the part number of interventions was 1 and the mean age at which the surgery was performed is 12 months.
This research has shown that their intelligence index is not affected by the severity of congenital heart disease and interventions during childhood. IQ correlated with the educational level of the patients.
Conclusions: The intelligence index of patients with congenital heart disease correlated only with the educational level of the patients. Based on the above results, the need for focused and methodical education of these patients is emphasized.
Main subject category:
Congenital heart disease, Adults, Quality of life, Associated diseases, Brain
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