Adverse effects of the environment on women and men fertility

Postgraduate Thesis uoadl:2776563 204 Read counter

ΠΜΣ Περιβάλλον και Υγεία. Διαχείριση Περιβαλλοντικών Θεμάτων με Επιπτώσεις στην Υγεία
Library of the School of Health Sciences
Deposit date:
Kalavatidou Paraskevi - Foteini
Supervisors info:
Καβαντζάς Νικόλαος, Καθηγητής, Ιατρική, ΕΚΠΑ
Κωνσταντινίδου Αναστασία, Καθηγήτρια, Ιατρική, ΕΚΠΑ
Λάζαρης Ανδρέας. Χ, Καθηγητής, Ιατρική, ΕΚΠΑ
Original Title:
Δυσμενείς επιδράσεις του περιβάλλοντος στην γυναικεία και ανδρική γονιμότητα
Translated title:
Adverse effects of the environment on women and men fertility
The 2007 Summit on "Environmental Challenges for Reproductive Health and Fertility" convened scientists, health professionals, community groups, political representatives and the media to hear presentations on the impact of environmental pollutants on reproductive health and fertility, and to discuss opportunities to improve health in research, education, communication and politics. Environmental reproductive health focuses on exposure to environmental contaminants, particularly during critical periods of development, and their potential impact on future reproductive health, including conception, fertility, pregnancy, adolescent development and adult health. Approximately 87,000 chemicals are registered for commercial use in the US, with ubiquitous human exposure to environmental pollutants in the air, water, food and consumer products. Reports during critical vulnerability exposures may have adverse effects with health effects throughout life and even across the generations. Results may include attenuation of the growth and function of the reproductive tract and permanent alteration of gene expression leading to metabolic and hormonal disorders, reduced fertility and diseases such as testicular, prostate, uterine and cervical cancer later on life. This review reviews the effects of pre- and post-natal reports on the reproductive health of men and women and provides a series of recommendations for the promotion of research, policy, health care and community action.
Main subject category:
Health Sciences
Environmental contaminants, Reproductive health, Endocrine-disrupting chemicals, Fertility, Hormone disorder, Sperm quality, Reproductive system development
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