Κατεύθυνση Αντιμετώπιση Εξαρτήσεων-ΕξαρτησιολογίαLibrary of the School of Health Sciences
Δημήτριος Αναγνωστόπουλος, Καθηγητής, Ιατρική, ΕΚΠΑ
Γεράσιμος Κολαΐτης, Αναπλ. Καθηγητής, Ιατρική, ΕΚΠΑ
Ελένη Λαζαράτου, Αναπλ. Καθηγήτρια, Ιατρική, ΕΚΠΑ
Η διερεύνηση της σχέσης μητέρας-κόρης στις διατροφικές διαταραχές και χρήση εξαρτησιογόνων ουσιών
The exploration of mother-daughter relationship in eating disorders and use of addictive substances
Introduction: By studying the attachment theory, one can discover the central importance of the primary mother-infant relationship, with the secure or insecure type of attachment influencing a person's whole life.
Objectives: The purpose of the current diploma thesis is to examine the mother-daughter relationship and how this affects the daughter regarding the onset of a Food Intake Disorder and use of addictive substances.
Methodology: A comparative study was conducted in a sample (N = 69) of women, divided into two groups, aged 18-59, who lived in the Attica Basin. The experimental group consisted of (N = 32) women who were in therapy as they suffered from an Eating Disorder, more specifically from psychogenic anorexia (N = 7), bulimia (N = 11), and binge eating/ hyperphagia (N = 14). The control group consisted of (N = 37) healthy women from random sampling. The Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI), a questionnaire on children-parents relationships, which was translated into Greek by Kafetsio & Sideridis (2008), was completed by all the participants. The relationship scale with parents consists of 25 questions that explore parents' attitudes and behaviors, each for everyone.
Results: Comparing the control group to the experimental group, significant differences were found. More specifically, participants who were diagnosed with an eating disorder found themselves to have worse relationships with both their mother and their siblings, compared to those who did not have such a disorder. The scores of those participating in the PBI dimensions showed that maternal care score was significantly lower in women who had an eating disorder, indicating that they had less care from their mother compared to control group. Moreover, parenting from the mother’s side showed significant differences between the two groups. The percentage of "optimal parenting" was found to be much higher in participants who did not have an eating disorder, while “neglectful parenting” was much higher in participants who had an eating disorder.
Conclusions: The results found in this research are consistent with our research hypotheses as well as with the bibliography and the recent research on the interaction of mother-daughter relationship and how this quality is related to the onset of an eating disorder in adulthood.
Main subject category:
Mother-daughter relationship, Eating disorders, Parental relationship
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