Πολυξένη Νικολοπούλου-Σταμάτη, Καθηγήτρια, Ιατρική, ΕΚΠΑ
Νικόλαος Καβαντζάς, Καθηγητής, Ιατρική, ΕΚΠΑ
Ανδρέας Χ. Λάζαρης, Καθηγητής, Ιατρική, ΕΚΠΑ
Climate change refers to the change in global climate and, in particular, the changes in meteorological conditions that extend over a long time. Climate change is already taking place: the average temperature of the planet is rising, rainfall patterns are changing, continental glaciers and Antarctic glaciers melt and the average sea level rises. The increase in temperature is caused by the observed increase in atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations, which are largely linked with increasing human activities.
The aim of the thesis is to examine the way in which diseases are transmitted through water, but also the role played in this by extreme weather phenomena, and in particular the floods. The increased of their frequency may also increase the risks of the diseases.
It is now known that climate change, along with other factors, can affect the occurrence of extreme weather events (fires, floods) and help spread communicable diseases. According to the World Health Organization, the risks posed by climate change for health will be significant and will vary according to the geographical area. Still, it is now clear that more and more people are exposed to diseases from pollution and pollution of the immediate environment, such as diarrhea, malnutrition, asthma and allergic diseases. At the same time, the rise in temperature causes the spread of insect-borne diseases (e.g. mosquitoes), as these insects spread to larger latitudes and heights.
In order to deal with the extreme weather phenomena, it is necessary the cooperation of the state services with the inhabitants. In addition, to this it is an urgent need to make proper urban planning. In order to deal with the viruses, there should be proper information for the residents by the competent bodies about the preventive measures to be taken. Furthermore, action should be taken by its political leadership with coordinated actions to address the risks.
Climate change, Extreme weather events, Increased temperature, Floods, Diseases, Epidemics.