Κατεύθυνση Αρχαία Ελληνική ΦιλολογίαLibrary of the School of Philosophy
Δημήτριος Καραδήμας, Αναπληρωτής Καθηγητής Κλασικής Φιλολογίας, Τμήμα Φιλολογίας, Φιλοσοφική Σχολή ΕΚΠΑ
Ροζαλία Χατζηλάμπρου, Επίκουρη Καθηγήτρια Κλασικής Φιλολογίας, Τμήμα Φιλολογίας, Φιλοσοφική Σχολή ΕΚΠΑ
Αθηνά Μπάζου, Λέκτορας Κλασικής Φιλολογίας, Τμήμα Φιλολογίας, Φιλοσοφική Σχολή ΕΚΠΑ
Ρητορική και Ιατρική: Η απαρχή της σχέσης τους στους Προσωκρατικούς και η εξέλιξή της στον Πλάτωνα και το Ιπποκρατικό Corpus
Rhetoric and Medicine: The beginnings of their relationship in the Presocratic philosophers and its development in Plato and the Hippocratic Corpus
The subject of this thesis is the correlation between rhetoric and Hippocratic medicine.
In particular, in chapter 1, this relation is analyzed with regard to the circumstances that led to its beginnings. It is argued that the analogical way of thinking of presocratic philosophers, as method of syllogism, was depicted in analogical ways of expression, the most salient of these being that of “ eikos” (probable). “Eikos”, under the influence of sophistic movement, was used and deployed by medicine and rhetoric both as a way of thinking and as a methodological tool.
In Chapter 2, we discuss the development of the relationship of the two Technes (Arts), recently independent from philosophy, as is depicted in Plato's “Gorgias” and “Phaedrus” and in the "rhetorical" texts of the Hippocratic corpus. Plato, critically compares rhetoric to medicine and, inspired by Hippocratic medicine, suggests its remediation. Hippocratic medicine, meanwhile, exploits c.5th and c.4th B.C. rhetoric to develop a distinctive and specialized type of rhetoric, with its own style and ideology: the rhetoric of Hippocratic medicine.
Main subject category:
Language – Literature
presocratics, sophists (Protagoras, Gorgias, Antiphon), Hippocratic corpus, analogical way of thinking, “eikos”, techne, experience, “stochastikon”, “psychagogia” rhetoric of the Hippocratic medicine