Κατεύθυνση Κοινωνικές Νευροεπιστήμες, Κοινωνική Παιδαγωγική και ΕκπαίδευσηLibrary of the School of Education
Μαρία Βλασσοπούλου, Επ. Καθηγήτρια, Ιατρική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ
Ηρώ Μυλωνάκου-Κεκέ, Καθηγήτρια, ΠΤΔΕ, ΕΚΠΑ
Μαρία Βασιλειάδου, Αν. Καθηγήτρια, Θεολογική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ
Εξωλεκτική επικοινωνία κι Ενσυναίσθηση: Αποκωδικοποίηση μη λεκτικών μηνυμάτων μέσω των βλεμματικών εκφράσεων σε παιδιά δημοτικού
Non-Verbal Communication and Empathy; Decoding non-verbal messages through the gaze in Primary School Students
The present dissertation aims to explore to what degree typically developing (TD) children between the ages of 8 and 12 years old are capable of detecting emotions and mental states through the gaze of individuals, presented in photographs. Specifically, it examines whether children of typical development from the age of 8 years old are able to decode the gaze of non familiar persons, if this ability varies in relation to age and if the results differ in relation to the child’s gender. . In order to research these questions , the Reading the Mind in the Eyes test (in the version adapted to children), which is created by Simon Baron-Cohen, professor of developmental psychopathology in Cambridge University (2001) was used. The test was administered to 60 TD primary school students (20 3rd grade students, 20 4th grade students and 20 6th grade students). The results suggest that children by the age of 8 years old have already developed their interpersonal skills sufficiently, in that they are capable of detecting the emotions and mental states which lie beneath peoples’ gaze. Furthermore, a small improvement is found in the total results in relation to age increase, although there was no statistically significant difference between the overall results of the three age groups. Furthermore, there was no statistically significant difference between the results of the two sexes, however 3rd grade boys performed better than their female peers, whereas this relationship was reversed later as 4th and 6th grade girls performed better than their male counterparts. These results and the study’s constraints are discussed further, and suggestions for future investigation are propounded.
Main subject category:
non-verbal communication, gaze, primary school children
Number of references:
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