Γαγανάκης Κωνσταντίνος, Αναπλ. Καθηγητής Νεότερης Ευρωπαϊκής Ιστορίας (16ος-18ος αι.), Τμήμα Ιστορίας και Αρχαιολογίας, ΕΚΠΑ
Παπαθανασίου Μαρία, Eπίκ. Καθηγήτρια Νεότερης Ευρωπαϊκής Ιστορίας, Τμήμα Ιστορίας και Αρχαιολογίας
Ράπτης Κωνσταντίνος, Αναπλ. Καθηγητής Νεότερης Ευρωπαϊκής Ιστορίας, Τμήμα Ιστορίας και Αρχαιολογίας, ΕΚΠΑ
The Glorious Revolution was a crucial event for both English and wider European history. The relationship between the Crown and the Parliament, which was the main pillar of developments, was redefined by the Revolution. The powers and privileges of the Crown were greatly reduced, and the Parliament, and in particular the House of Commons, was not able to definitively establish its former powers over royal arbitrariness, but also to expand them and become the center of political developments and political power, thus becoming the model of the western parliamentarism. Along with these changes, the Revolution made significant changes to the fundamental issue of religious politics, and redefined England’s position in the international affairs.
This paper attempts to approach the causes and effects of the Glorious Revolution through the presentation and analysis of parliamentary activity as it evolved alongside the events of the time. Initially, the formation of the Crown-Parliament relationship between 1660-1688 and then during the revolutionary period is recorded, followed by a detailed record of parliamentary debates, procedures and decisions of the Convention Parliament, the first parliament convened after the Revolution. From all the issues involved in the parliamentary activity of the time, the political developments that surround either the Revolution itself or its wider political context are extensively presented. Additionally, the religious dimension of the political context is approached. It also examines the international position of England, as it was redefined during the revolutionary period. Furthermore, the political changes that followed the end of the Revolution are recorded. Finally, concluding thoughts on all parliamentary activity during the Glorious Revolution are expressed.
In addition to the bibliography used, which is related to the 17th century England, the parliamentary archive of William Cobbett (Cobbett's Parliamentary History of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803) was also used, in particular Volume V. The archive brings together parliamentary debates, processes and wider developments, as recorded in the official texts of the Journals of the House of Lords and the Journals of the House of Commons, in official parliamentary documents and personal records of parliamentary men.
17th century, England, Glorious Revolution, Parliament, William of Orange