Κατεύθυνση Ευρωπαϊκή ιστορίαLibrary of the School of Philosophy
Ντούρου - Ηλιοπούλου Μαρία, Ομότιμη Καθηγήτρια, Τμήμα Ιστορίας και Αρχαιολογίας, Φιλοσοφική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ
Γαγανάκης Κωνσταντίνος, Αναπληρωτής Καθηγητής, Τμήμα Ιστορίας και Αρχαιολογίας, Φιλοσοφική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ
Γιαντσή - Μελετιάδη Νικολλέτα, Αναπληρώτρια Καθηγήτρια, Τμήμα Ιστορίας και Αρχαιολογίας, Φιλοσοφική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ
Αγγλική εκπαίδευση και Oυμανισμός κατά τη θρησκευτική Μεταρρύθμιση τον 16ο και 17ο αιώνα. Στόχοι, μέσα και επιτεύγματα από τα σχολεία ωδικής και τα Grammar schools ως τα κολέγια και τα πανεπιστήμια. Ο κύκλος του Hartlib και η πνευματική του κληρονομιά
Education in England and the influence of Humanism during the Reformation (16th, 17th centuries). Aims, means and achievements from Chantry and Grammar schools to colleges and universities. The Hartlib Circle and its cultural heritage
Education in England during the 16th and 17th centuries is a unique case, as a result of the way that it absorbed the catalytic phenomena of Humanism and the Reformation. The relative mildness of the religious changes in England and the significance that the humanistic educational ideal had for the upper and middle classes were important factors that influenced English education. These changes, though, did not have a significant effect on the education of lower classes and women.
During the 17th century, education gradually becomes more realistic and more related to the society needs, in an era of rapid growth of commercial capitalism. The Commonwealth period and the dominance of the Puritans will lead education to a temporary, though important, period of novelties and growth. The unfulfilled efforts of intellectuals like Hartlib and Comenius through ideas as the college of light and the mechanical school, left their mark in the history of education and traveled to the new world.
At the same time, education is under a process of secularization. This does not mean that education loses its religious character, nor that Christian doctrines are abandoned. During the examined period, though, the main aim of education is not the mere production of a well educated clergy, as was the case in the middle ages. The church authorities fail to control education, in such a suffocating and absolute medieval way.
The emerging modern state, being more and more aware of the importance of education as a key factor for the control of society, takes gradually control of it, while, at the same time, takes responsibility and now, for the first time, even finances schools.
Though it is true that educational policies fail to deal with the extreme poverty of the 17th century, as well as with the education of the women and the poor, there is some progress in the fight against illiteracy.
Main subject category:
Education - Sport science
Education, England, Humanism, Reformation, Hartlib