Μαρία Παπαθανασίου, Επίκουρη Καθηγήτρια, Τμήμα Ιστορίας και Αρχαιολογίας, Εθνικό και Καποδιστριακό Πανεπιστήμιο Αθηνών
Κωνσταντίνος Ράπτης, Αναπληρωτής Καθηγητής, Τμήμα Ιστορίας και Αρχαιολογίας, Εθνικό και Καποδιστριακό Πανεπιστήμιο Αθηνών
Κωνσταντίνος Γαγανάκης, Αναπληρωτής Καθηγητής, Τμήμα Ιστορίας και Αρχαιολογίας, Εθνικό και Καποδιστριακό Πανεπιστήμιο Αθηνών
This essay tries to enlighten the impacts of industrial revolution in British society through the prism of urban development and grow, during the first phase of industrial revolution.
For this purpose, we will structure this paper in four chapters. More specifically, in the first chapter we will try to summarize and understand the relevance and connection between the urban progress and the course of the industrial revolution. The development of cities may have boosted the industrial economy; however, there was a mutual or two-way relationship between industrial development and urban grow. The emergence of new urban centers and the phenomenon of rapid urbanization in Britain were probably the result and a cause of the industrial revolution during the time of the first phase of industrial revolution.
To the second chapter, the text refers to the evolution of demographic indicators, such as; populations grow statistics, mortality rates, migration to cities, statistical financial data, in order to provide us with information on the urban development, in the first phase of the industrial revolution. We are also studying data on increasing urban boundaries but also increasing their numbers and some economic data that illuminate us about the causes of the relevance between cities and the industrial revolution.
In the third chapter we look at the spatial structure of the cities and their extension. So, to point the changes of the urban space, its expansion and the morphology of the urban environment, so as to observe how social and economic changes are expressed in the cities, in order to distinguish the possible class character of the urban space, but also the differentiations caused by economic activities in this area.
In the fourth chapter we point out the differences in material living conditions between different social groups in order to observe the social impact of the industrial revolution and urbanization in Britain during the period of the first phase of the industrial revolution. More specifically, the possible improvement of the living conditions of people within the boundaries of the industrial city and the treatment of economic and social problems by the ruling class? Also, we compare the levels of child mortality in cities and in the province, in order to point at the impact of the industrial revolution on urban populations.
Our aim is to reach at a conclusive chapter, understanding, if possible, the relevance of the urban progress with the course of the industrial revolution and the social changes brought about by this connection.