Κατεύθυνση Αρχαία Ελληνική ΦιλολογίαLibrary of the School of Philosophy
Μαίρη Γιόση, Καθηγήτρια Κλασικής Φιλολογίας, Τμήμα Φιλολογίας, Φιλοσοφική Σχολή ΕΚΠΑ
Ευγενία Μακρυγιάννη, Επίκουρη Καθηγήτρια Κλασικής Φιλολογίας, Τμήμα Φιλολογίας, Φιλοσοφική Σχολή ΕΚΠΑ
Βασίλειος Βερτουδάκης, Επίκουρος Καθηγητής Κλασικής Φιλολογίας, Τμήμα Φιλολογίας, Φιλοσοφική Σχολή ΕΚΠΑ
Το δίκαιο της ταφής από τον Όμηρο μέχρι τους τραγικούς: ανθρώπινοι νόμοι, θεϊκή δικαιοδοσία και πολιτικές προεκτάσεις
The right of burial from Homer till the tragic poets: human law, divine jurisdiction and political aspects
Ancient Greeks from their early history began expressing and capturing their emotions and thoughts on the most common condition of human existence, death and burial. This thesis aims to present the way in which the concern about death and burial was discussed in the ancient Greek literature, from Homeric poems and Archaic lyric poetry to Attic tragedy. The way ancient Greek poets dealt with death and burial indicates the way the Greek thought and perspective treated life itself. Meanwhile, poets got the opportunity to raise topics of political interest as well as optimistic ideas about the value of life. From the unremitting effort of the great heroes to gain glory and absurdity through heroic death on the battlefield, human thought gradually progresses to the realization of the inevitable death and to the universal request for postmortem recollection and reaches to the questioning and denial of the right in burial, and ultimately establishes it as a treaty that encompasses human and divine laws. This thesis aims to research these topics through selected references to the Homeric poems (Iliad, book 11, 23 and 24 and Odyssey, book 12 and 24), archaic lyric poetry (Callinus, 1W Tyrtaeus, 10 W, 11 W, 12 W, Simonides of Ceos 531 PMG, Archilochus, 133 W and 134 W, Sappho, 55 V and 94 V and Pindar, Olympian 1) and attic tragedy (Aeschylus Seven Against Thebes, Sophocles Ajax and Antigone and Euripides Suppliants and the Phoenician Women). The Greek consciousness deeply impregnated by the inevitability of death focuses on the human perspective and on what remains after death. The respect of the dead body, the protection of its dignity, the care for the postmortem recollection are placed under the aegis of the righteousness, the divine supervision, and the brilliant conception that man gains immortality through creative writing. Human and divine laws together are the cornerstone of a world built on law, respect, forgiveness and reconciliation.
Main subject category:
Language – Literature
right of burial, human law, divine law, Homer, Callinus, Tyrtaeus, Simonides of Ceos, Archilochus, Sappho, Pindar, Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, justice, immortality, glory
Number of references:
Φρ. Κατσάρη Διπλωματική-διορθ. Μ. Γ. 26.06.2018(teliko).pdf
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