Association of mobile phone applications with the prevention and treatment of HIV

Postgraduate Thesis uoadl:2820761 186 Read counter

Κατεύθυνση Πληροφορική Υγείας
Library of the School of Health Sciences
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Kotsidou Alexandra-Despoina
Supervisors info:
Γ. Χονδροκούκης, Καθηγητής, Τμήμα Βιομηχανικής Διοίκησης και Τεχνολογίας, Πανεπιστήμιο Πειραιώς
Δ. Καραλέκας, Καθηγητής, Τμήμα Βιομηχανικής Διοίκησης και Τεχνολογίας, Πανεπιστήμιο Πειραιώς
Ι. Γιαννίτσης, Επίκουρος Καθηγητής, Τμήμα Βιομηχανικής Διοίκησης και Τεχνολογίας, Πανεπιστήμιο Πειραιώς
Original Title:
Συσχέτιση κινητών τηλεφωνικών εφαρμογών με την πρόληψη και τη θεραπεία του HIV σε αναπτυσσόμενες χώρες
Translated title:
Association of mobile phone applications with the prevention and treatment of HIV
Background: Mobile phones are an integral component of modern life in developed countries, while their reach is expanding rapidly across the developing world, as well. Mobile phone devices cater for a wide variety of individual desires through their multiple functions. They can be used for communication (whether through phone calls, e-mail, or text messages), high-resolution photography, document reading and editing, recreation, and many other purposes, rendered possible by a wide array of applications provided.
Development in the research on mobile phones refers to their potential use in the prevention and treatment of HIV, especially in the developing world.
Objective: Τhis research project aims to provide a comprehensive review of recent studies on the extent to which people use phone calls and text messages to prevent and deal with HIV. The main underlying objective is the assessment of the real influence of these tools in the promotion of patient health, as well as the outcome of the optimal instrument.
Method: The project conducts a review of the existing scientific literature available in the Pubmed and Pubmed health, JSTOR, and Cmbase databases, as well as additional accessible sources. All the articles selected for inclusion in this study investigate the use of mobile devices and their various capabilities (such as text messages and telephone calls) by low-income individuals, aged 13 through 69, who were exposed or had been diagnosed with HIV. These articles have been published by approved researchers in peer-reviewed journals. Their operating language is English. Finally, all of them have been published after 2000.
Results: The findings indicate that mobile-based reminders for HIV-scheduled appointments for patients and their caregivers in low-resource areas can increase patient involvement in antiretroviral therapy and enhance frequency, consistency, and adherence. There is consensus among the researchers that text-messaging is more effective than phone calls, albeit the difference between the two is quite small. The main conclusion is that both methods yield almost equally satisfactory outcomes. A comparison with traditional approaches towards encouraging patient engagement reveals that approaches utilising mobile phones are significantly more effective.
Conclusion: The systematic review at hand suggests that mobile-phone-based reminders of scheduled HIV appointments for carers of paediatric patients in low-resource settings can enhance attendance. Text messages emerge as the most efficient (cost-effective) method for reminding about appointments, while phone calls turn out to be equally effective in encouraging adherence, although less efficient cost-wise.
Main subject category:
Health Sciences
African family, Cameroon, HIV/AIDS caregiving, Older adults, Antiretroviral treatment, Therapy reminder, Infant’s prevention (of mother-to child-transmission), Resistance treatment, Ways of communication, Text messages, Phone calls, Phone calls vs text messages, Missed schedule, Children and HIV, Ways to increase attendance at medical appointments, HIV and low-resource settings, Children infected with or exposed to HIV
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