Πολυχρόνη Φωτεινή, Αναπληρώτρια Καθηγήτρια, Τμήμα Ψυχολογίας, Εθνικό και Καποδιστριακό Πανεπιστήμιο Αθηνών
Ίσαρη Φιλία, Επίκουρη Καθηγήτρια Συμβουλευτικής Ψυχολογίας, Τμήμα Φιλοσοφίας, Παιδαγωγικής και Ψυχολογίας (Τομέας Ψυχολογίας), Εθνικό και Καποδιστριακό Πανεπιστήμιο Αθηνών
Πέτρος Ρούσσος, Επίκουρος Καθηγητής Γνωστικής Ψυχολογίας, Τμήμα Ψυχολογίας, Εθνικό και Καποδιστριακό Πανεπιστήμιο Αθηνών
In the present research, we are investigating psychological health of mothers, who have children with probable A.D.H.D. and Learning difficulties, and more specifically, the psychological difficulties which they confront, the strategies of confrontation of situations that cause them anxiety, and also the levels of their self-esteem, through the corresponding weighted questionnaires. In this research participated 30 mothers of children with probable A.D.H.D. and Learning difficulties. The mothers fulfilled the questionnaire of “General Health”, the measurement questionnaire of “Confrontation strategies of situations that cause anxiety” and the questionnaire for parents’ self-esteem “What I think about myself”, and also a demographic data questionnaire. The selection of the sample and the fulfillment of the questionnaires by the mothers, took place in the Center for Differential Diagnosis, Diagnosis and Support (KE.D.D.Y.) at N. Ionia. According to the review of international bibliography, it appears that mothers having children with A.D.H.D. and Learning difficulties are prone to sentimental and psychological disorders. Specifically, it has been observed that they may blame themselves, they feel denial, anger, disappointment, frustration, and low self-esteem for not being capable to control their children’s behavior. Also, they often feel less certain for their parental role and they develop increased stress levels, with some researches pointing out that they feel more anxiety and pressure, when compared to mothers with children of standard development. The findings of this research showed that the mothers presented burdened psychopathology, regarding to the anxiety, the physical complaints and the social disfunction, but not about the depression. Moreover, the mothers having children with combined type of ADHD showed higher stress levels, comparing to mothers having children only with Attention Deficit Disorder or only with Hyperactivity/Compulsion. Concerning about the coping strategies use amongst the mothers, it turned out that they mostly follow the efficient ones, but the mothers having children with Hyperactivity and Combined type, they tend to use more unsuccessful ones . However, the mothers’ educational level didn’t really affect the preference of their coping strategies usage. This research’s findings, are being discussed based on the international bibliography’s findings. Finally, are being mentioned the confinements of the present study , suggestions for future research, as well as interventions that target to the best and most effective ways of dealing with children with ADHD and Learning Difficulties from their parents.
Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder – ADHD, Learning Difficulties (L.D.), mothers, mental health, strategies, stress, self-esteem