Τομέας Επιστημών της Αγωγης
Ευαγγελία Μαυρικάκη, Αναπλ. Καθηγήτρια του Π.Τ.Δ.Ε. του Παν/μίου Αθηνών
Ιωάννης Βρεττός, Ομότιμος Καθηγητής του Π.Τ.Δ.Ε.του Παν/μίου Αθηνών
Αθηνά Καλοκαιρινού, Καθηγήτρια του Τμήματος Νοσηλευτικής του Παν/μίου Αθηνών
Ζαφειρία-Ηρώ Μυλωνάκου -Κεκέ, Καθηγήτρια του Π.Τ.Δ.Ε. του Παν/μίου Αθηνών
Αλέξανδρος- Σταμάτιος Αντωνίου, Αναπλ. Καθηγητής Π.Τ.Δ.Ε. του Παν/μίου Αθηνών
Γεώργιος Δογάνης, Καθηγητής του Τ.Ε.Φ.Α.Α. του Α.Π.Θ.
Ελένη Τσακιρίδου, Καθηγήτρια του Π.Τ.Δ.Ε. του Παν/μίου Δυτικής Μακεδονίας
Η αυτεπάρκεια των μαθητών με συγγενείς καρδιοπάθειες (ΣΚ) και οι στάσεις τους ως προς τη φυσική άσκηση ως παράγοντες που επηρεάζουν το Δ.Μ.Σ. (Δείκτη Μάζας Σώματος)
The relationship of Self-efficacy and Physical Activity levels to BMI (Body Mass Index) in pupils with Congenital Heart Disease.
Background: Children with congenital heart disease (CHD) experience challenges in developing healthy life style behaviors mostly due to parental misconceptions and fears about what is permissible. This study aimed to explore physical activity levels, physical self-efficacy and their relationship in Greek children with CHD aged 10-17 years. We also considered it important to compare our results to those of healthy children.
Methods: Participants with mean age 12.5 years were 46 males with CHD, 30 females with CHD and 40 healthy males and 38 healthy females (n=154). Data for this cross-sectional study were collected through self-report instruments - Self Efficacy Scale (SES) and Previous Day Physical Activity Recall (PDPAR). The Metabolic Equivalent of Tasks (METs) was estimated where appropriate in order to get an index of participation in moderate to vigorous physical activity and vigorous physical activity, respectively.
Results: Mean physical self-efficacy of children with CHD 29.01±7.28 and of healthy ones 29.04±6.60 indicated a medium score for both groups with no statistically significant differences. Physical activity levels for diagnosed participants (2.38±0.85METs) were significantly lower than those of healthy ones (3.1±0.95METs). Physical self-efficacy and self-reported physical activity were positively correlated (r=0.515, p=0.00<0.001) indicating that children with higher self-efficacy had higher levels of physical activity. In children with CHD self-efficacy was estimated as an important factor for predicting physical activity as it explained about ¼ of the variability of the latter which was not the case for healthy children.
Conclusions: The low physical activity levels of Greek children with CHD may lead to a sedentary way of life in adulthood. Improving their physical self-efficacy which was assessed as medium may help them raise their physical activity levels and their quality of life. School could play such a role.
Main subject category:
Self- efficacy, Physical Activity, Congenital Heart Disease, Body Mass Index
Number of references:
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