The effect of cardiopulmonary rehabilitation on the peripheral skeletal muscles in COPD

Postgraduate Thesis uoadl:2872185 37 Read counter

Unit:
Κατεύθυνση Καρδιοπνευμονική Αποκατάσταση και Αποκατάσταση Πασχόντων ΜΕΘ
Library of the School of Health Sciences
Deposit date:
2019-06-04
Year:
2019
Author:
Christofili Myrto
Supervisors info:
Σπυρίδων Ζακυνθινός, Καθηγητής, Ιατρική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ
Ιωάννης Βογιατζής, Αναπληρωτής Καθηγητής, ΣΕΦΑΑ, ΕΚΠΑ
Ιωάννης Καλομενίδης, Αναπληρωτής Καθηγητής, Ιατρική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ
Original Title:
Επίδραση της καρδιοπνευμονικής αποκατάστασης στους περιφερικούς σκελετικούς μυες σε ασθενείς με ΧΑΠ
Languages:
English
Translated title:
The effect of cardiopulmonary rehabilitation on the peripheral skeletal muscles in COPD
Summary:
COPD is a global scourge affecting a large proportion of the population and a financial burden for modern societies. Its cause still remains unknown and its treatment is mostly symptomatic. Like a respiratory disease COPD affects firstly the ventilation causing hyperinflation, hypersecretion of mucus and dyspnea. However, a very prominent feature of COPD is the deterioration of strength and endurance of the peripheral skeletal muscles. Many, rather complicated, pathways through which COPD affects the peripheral muscles of the patient have been implicated, but nothing is conclusive yet. The ventilation effects of COPD combined with peripheral muscle weakness, lead to reduced physical activity, and decline of the patients’ quality of life.
Besides the classic pharmaceutical administration, pulmonary rehabilitation comes to complete the COPD treatment. Pulmonary rehabilitation consists of many different specialties like doctors, phycologists, nutritionists, physiotherapists etc. The cornerstone of pulmonary rehabilitation is considered exercise training. Exercise training includes endurance training, which usually takes place on a treadmill or a cycloergometer, and strength training, which comprises of resistance bands, dumbbells etc. The effects of COPD on muscles have been proven to improve after at least 6 – 8 weeks of training exercise but for the results to last more than 6 – 12 months, the continuation of exercise is necessary. Supplementary to exercise, NMES comes to improve muscle condition, and reduce deconditioning to patients that for any number of reasons cannot undertake exercise training. Different types of exercise like yoga and tai chi have been successfully applied on exercise programs but further investigation is required.
Main subject category:
Health Sciences
Keywords:
Cardiopulmonary rehabilitation, COPD, Exercise training
Index:
No
Number of index pages:
0
Contains images:
Yes
Number of references:
86
Number of pages:
91
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