Βασιλειάδου Μαρία, Αναπληρώτρια Καθηγήτρια, Τμήμα Κοινωνικής Θεολογίας, ΕΚΠΑ
Μαλλιώρη Μινέρβα Μελπομένη, Καθηγήτρια, Ιατρική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ
Ψάρρος Κωνσταντίνος, Αναπληρωτής Καθηγητής, Ιατρική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ
Introduction: The area of drug rehabilitation is heavily characterized by human suffering, frustration and ambivalence of the addicted individuals. For this reason, in any detox unit, the therapists are significantly more likely to experience burnout syndrome and anxiety. Few researches have been conducted in Greece, about the therapeutic professionals’ anxiety and burnout who work in such services. Furthermore, to the best of our knowledge, this paper is the first to study the correlations between the detox program type and anxiety and professional burnout in detox units’ therapeutic staff.
Aim: The purpose of this research was (a) to investigate the existence and severity of anxiety and professional burnout among therapeutic professionals working in 'drug-free' treatment programmes, and treatment with pharmaceutical substitutes programmes, within the Organization Against Drugs (OKANA) and
Drug Addiction Treatment Center (KETHEA), as well as (b) the associations with demographic, and professional characteristics of the sample, and the detox program type, (c) the association between anxiety and burnout.
Material and method: The research sample consisted only the therapeutic staff of the aforementioned organizations in Attica (N = 159), which included psychiatrists, physiologists, nurses, psychologists, social workers, social counselors, and specialist therapists. The therapeutic staff work in 'drug-free' treatment programmes, and treatment with pharmaceutical substitutes programmes. 31.45% of the sample was working on a 'drug-free' treatment program, while 68.55% was working on a pharmaceutical substitutes program. Maslach Burnout Inventory questionnaire was used to evaluate professional burnout and Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale was applied for the assessment of anxiety as well as a demographic and professional characteristics questionnaire. The statistical analysis of data was performed using the SPSS 21.0 statistical packet by applying the Pearson Chi-Square and Monte-Carlo test.
Results: The statistical data analysis results indicated that the anxiety levels range to moderate levels (51,57%), while the professional burnout levels appear mildly: low emotional exhaustion = 49,06%, low depersonalization = 52,20, high personal accomplishment = 43,40%.However, factors that give statistically significant results (p <0.05) for anxiety are: gender (p=0,002), emotional exhaustion (p= 0,000) and depersonalization (p=0,002). while for professional burnout the following statistically significant correlations were found: between the depersonalization and the type of drug addiction program (p=0,001), between the length of service and the emotional exhaustion (p= 0,004), between the number of patients and the depersonalization (p=0,029), between the type of contract and the emotional exhaustion (p=0,014) and between the type of contract and the depersonalization (p=0,020).
Conclusion: The 'drug-free' treatment programmes, and treatment with pharmaceutical substitutes programmes therapeutic staff seems to experience low professional burnout level and moderate anxiety level. Despite that, factors associated with the occurrence of anxiety and burnout syndrome have been found, which should be taken into account by the administrations of drug treatment services to improve the therapists’ life quality, the effectiveness of treatment services and the quality of health services provided.
Therapeutic staff, 'Drug-free' treatment program, Pharmaceutical substitutes program, Professional burnout, Anxiety