Κατεύθυνση Αντιμετώπιση Εξαρτήσεων-ΕξαρτησιολογίαLibrary of the School of Health Sciences
Τζαβέλλας Ηλίας, Επίκουρος Καθηγητής, Ιατρική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ
Μαλλιώρη Μινέρβα - Μελπομένη, Καθηγήτρια, Ιατρική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ
Παπαρρηγόπουλος Θωμάς, Καθηγητής, Ιατρική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ
Διερεύνηση της λειτουργικότητας και της ποιότητας ζωής της οικογένειας, με εξαρτημένο απο το αλκοόλ γονέα.
Research on functionality and quality of life, of family with an alcohol dependent parent.
Introduction: Alcohol addiction is biologically experienced by a single person, but in fact it affects and is affected significantly by family’s dynamics and functionality. Research conducted on the evaluation of family functionality and the quality of life of families with alcohol dependent members shows that they are remarkably influenced. On the other hand it is noted that beyond personal characteristics, family factors play an important role in the course and outcome of alcohol addiction.
Object: The aim of this work study, is to look into the characteristics, evaluate the functionality and quality of life of families with alcohol dependent parent.
Methodology: A cross-sectional research was conducted in a 40 family specimen (78 parents and 26 children) in which one of the parents is addicted to alcohol. The specimen comes from the Alcohol Dependent Unit of the Psychiatric Hospital of Athens. The FES (Family Environmental Scale) , the WHOQOL-BREF scale for the evaluation of quality of life and a sociodemographic questionnaire were administered. Additional information were taken from the therapeutic dossier of the alcohol dependents.
Results: With the exception of ‘’Expressiveness’’, the remaining scales of the FES scale were rated moderately low by the participants. It seemed that families have a low degree of cohesion, independence and organization, high levels of conflict and are to a small extent focused on achievements, entertainment, cultural activities and moral and religious emphasis. Spouses scored lower family Cohesion (p=0,025) as compared to alcohol addicts and children, while children scored lower in the scale of ‘’Conflict’’ (p=0,004), ‘’Active-Recreational Orientation’’ (p=0,034) and ‘’Organization’’ (p=0,034) in comparison with parents. As far as quality of life is concerned, the majority of participants rated it moderately as good. Factors such as gender, age, length of sobriety, financial status, the taking of drugs, family history of alcoholism and the participation of the dependent and the family in the therapy affect both the family functionality and the quality of life.
Conclusion: The participation in the therapy of both the alcohol dependent parent and their family seems to improve important sectors of family functionality and its quality of life.
Main subject category:
Alcohol dependent parent, Family functionality, Quality of life, Therapy
Number of references:
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