Κατεύθυνση Σχεδιασμός και Διοίκηση Υπηρεσιών ΥγείαςLibrary of the School of Health Sciences
Χρήστος Λιονής, Καθηγητής, Ιατρική Σχολή, Πανεπιστήμιο Κρήτης
Ιωάννης Τούντας, Καθηγητής, Ιατρική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ
Μαρία Καντζανού, Καθηγήτρια, Ιατρική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ
Γνώσεις, στάσεις και συμπεριφορές νοσηλευτικού προσωπικού ενός γενικού νοσοκομείου σχετικά με τον εμβολιασμό της γρίπης
Knowledge, attitudes and behaviors of nursing staff from a general hospital investigating the influenza
Background: Health professionals and especially nursing staff are among the high-risk group for influenza, as they come into direct contact with people who are ill and need to take care of them and help relieve symptoms. For this reason, it is necessary for them to be vaccinated to protect themselves and their families from the transmission and spread of the virus. The aim of this study is to investigate the factors that influence the knowledge, attitude and behavior of general hospital nursing staff regarding influenza.
Methods: This study was an observational study and data collection was done using an anonymous self-completed questionnaire. The statistical package SPSS was used for statistical processing and evaluation of the results.Differences in categorical variables were analysed by Chi-Squared test. A total of 184 questionnaires were distributed out of which 154 were answered, 30 nurses who did not respond came from the secondary education of pathology department
Results:. 92.9% of women stated that they have not been vaccinated once and came from the pathology department and with no educational background. While 63.8% of women in emergency department have been vaccinated at least once with 10 years of service. 45.45% of respondents said that flu is a common cold caused by a virus. Almost all of them (84%) said they have been trained in hand hygiene and know that they can spread the flu to their patients . Mostly came from staff with the university education,and age > 50. Factors found to influence nursing staff in vaccination were years of service (p <0.000), age (p <0.001), and education category (p <0.000). And there is also a difference between fear and personal appreciation for influenza vaccination.
Conclusions:. The significant differences found regarding years of service, age, and education show that the information provided by the hospital's competent office does not take into account their different needs. Programs should be planned in the future to inform and mobilize nurses about the necessity of influenza vaccination and also in a future research to investigate, reasons and beliefs of nurses regarding influenza vaccination.
Main subject category:
Influenza vaccine, Nursing staff, Infections diseases, Theory of planet behavior, C.D.C.