Κατεύθυνση Σχεδιασμός και Διοίκηση Υπηρεσιών ΥγείαςLibrary of the School of Health Sciences
Πατρίνα Παπαρρηγοπούλου, Αναπληρώτρια Καθηγήτρια, Νομική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ
Ιωάννης Τούντας, Καθηγητής, Ιατρική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ
Μαρία Καντζανού, Επίκουρη Καθηγήτρια, Ιατρική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ
Η ηθική της ευθανασίας και το νομικό της πλαίσιο στις χώρες του Δυτικού κόσμου σε σύγκριση με την Ελλάδα
The ethics of euthanasia and its legal framework in countries of the western world in comparison with Greece
The objective of this thesis is to present one of the most controversial subjects with both an ethical and juridicial perspective – the subject of euthanasia. In the beginning of the first chapter the fundamental semantic definitions are given and later on it is stated that euthanasia is classified into three types: active, passive and eugenic euthanasia. The chapter also contains the motives that lead someone to perform euthanasia, the arguments for and against euthanasia and the psychological, ideological and social factors that form the opinions of the society. Next, both the psychological and social aspects and the church’s approach are stated.
In the second chapter the legal aspects of the matter in hand are presented. Specifically the article 300 of the penal code is analyzed, as it is the only provision of law that settles the matter of euthanasia without however introducing explicitly the term. The term is used only in the law 4039/2012 concerning domesticated and stray animals and their safety from their abuse and exploitation for profit. Afterwards the provisions of law that are encountered in the Greek Constitution and could be considered as the legal grounds for the performance of euthanasia are cited and analyzed.
In the third chapter the case law of the International and European Courts concerning the ambiguous and controversial subject of euthanasia is referred. The judgements vary as euthanasia in the International Law has not been legalized and the International Courts determine that it is the national law that is responsible for the safeguard of life itself and restricting the possibilities to terminate a patient’s life voluntarily. In the end the legal framework for euthanasia in the Western World is given alongside some final thoughts about the matter in hand in the fourth and fifth chapter respectively.
Main subject category:
Euthanasia, Greece, West World, End of life, Right to live, Right to die, Penal Law, Homicide, Homicide with consensus, Constitutional Law, Medical ethics, Case study