"The special status of the United Kingdom in the light of Brexit"

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Κατεύθυνση Εξειδικευμένο Δημόσιο Δίκαιο
Library of the School of Law
Deposit date:
Karalidou Sofia
Supervisors info:
Eleftheria Neframi, Professeure, Section droit public, Université du Luxembourg
Αντώνιος Παντελής, Ομότιμος Καθηγητής, Τμήμα Νομικής, ΕΚΠΑ
Hanan Qazbir, Enseignant-chercheur-Maître de conférences, Droit public, Université Toulouse 1 Capitole
Original Title:
"Le statut particulier du Royaume-Uni à la lumière du Brexit"
Translated title:
"The special status of the United Kingdom in the light of Brexit"
Brexit was experienced as a shock in Europe. Every week, if not every day, new
information about it is disclosed. These mainly examine the economic and political
consequences of Brexit for the United Kingdom (UK) including Great Britain and
Northern Ireland as well as those for the EU. This publication suggests taking a step
back to examine the extent to which social, economic and territorial disparities played
a role in the outcome of the vote. The dossier first analyzes the importance of Brexit
for EU regional policy, before questioning the possible consequences of a "Brexit" for
the other European countries Belgium, Ireland. To do this, the first part examines the
importance of the UK for the EU in the areas of politics, economics, regional policy
and free movement of people. The second part looks at the possible changes induced
by Brexit in each of these areas. This dossier shows first of all that regional disparities
within the UK have played an important role in the Brexit vote, demonstrating that
these can not be ignored and that European regional policy should continue to support
economic catch-up. less favored regions, especially through projects adapting to
regional specificities. This dossier then shows that at EU level Brexit could also mean
a reduction in the budget devoted to regional policy. Finally, it presents the
specificities of Ru's involvement in transnational cooperation. His relationship with
the financial sector is paramount.
1 / A withdrawal from the Union does not seem optimal: in theory i) it supposes
for the Member State to continue to be bound to the Union in order to maintain the
same level of economic well-being (internal market), gold (ii) this link can be
maintained outside the Union only on less favorable terms (renunciation of the power
of influence and decision), therefore (iii) the gain in sovereignty resulting from a
withdrawal of the Union is largely canceled out by the loss of power that it implies; in
this case, a Brexit would only occur in 2019-2010 according to a scenario still to be
defined because of the systematically negative impact of the options currently
envisaged, the only invariant: UK will want to keep access to the internal market, but
only if (i) to refrain from influencing decisions and norms, (ii) to make an equivalent
budgetary contribution, (iii) to accept the four freedoms, (iv) to admit supremacy
Union law without a judge at the Court.
2 / A withdrawal should be avoided as much as possible in relation to its costs: if
the financial and economic costs are obvious, in particular for the United Kingdom,
the political and symbolic costs are also high for the European Union; however, it is
the cost of losing certain sectoral policies for which cooperation has become essential
(immigration, justice, security, defense) that makes us argue for the option of keeping
the United Kingdom in the United States. European Union, in accordance with our
3 / A withdrawal is preventable despite a victory of the referendum. The
referendum of June 23, 2016 will be non-binding (non-binding): a victory of the leave
would trigger a national procedure, if necessary European, which could hinder an
effective Brexit.
4 / The possibility of a withdrawal has revealed the limits of the Union: the
incoherence and illegibility of the European project as well as a deep crisis of
confidence, which a mere victory of the remain will not suffice to avert. The current
Union is no longer viable because it is in an impasse and can not be further explored
in its situation of incoherence.
5 / The Union must therefore be reformed: either by deepening in a limited
cooperation framework, or more radically from the search for a common coherence
that could be cultural and fit within the framework of a refounding treaty.
Main subject category:
Law and Legislation
Other subject categories:
Public Law
Values, Principles, Identity, Union Membership, Enlargements, Right of Withdrawal, Pluralism, Crises, Brexit, Trade Unions, Paritarism, Rule of Law, Judges' Dialogue.
Number of index pages:
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