Κατεύθυνση Μονάδες Εντατικής Θεραπείας και Επείγουσα ΝοσηλευτικήLibrary of the School of Health Sciences
Ιωάννης Καλεμικεράκης, Επίκουρος Καθηγητής, Τμήμα Νοσηλευτικής, Πανεπιστήμιο Δυτικής Αττικής, Επιβλέπων
Γεώργιος Βασιλόπουλος, Επίκουρος Καθηγητής, Τμήμα Νοσηλευτικής, Πανεπιστήμιο Δυτικής Αττικής
Ουρανία Γκοβίνα, Αναπληρώτρια Καθηγήτρια, Τμήμα Νοσηλευτικής, Πανεπιστήμιο Δυτικής Αττικής
Μέτρα πρόληψης και θεραπείας των ελκών πίεσης στη ΜΕΘ
Measures for the prevention and treatment of pressure ulcers in the ICU
Pressure ulcers are a hotly debated topic and routinely engage nursing staff in the Intensive Care Unit. (ICU)
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the level of knowledge of ICU nursing staff regarding their educational level, experience and training they received in the prevention and treatment of pressure ulcers.
Material and Method: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study with a population of 98 nurses and assistant nurses working in three public hospitals in Attica, Greece. Data was collected by completing the structured questionnaire of Gouda et al., which included demographic and professional data, multiple choice questions, and error-related questions about staging, prevention, and treatment interventions for pressure ulcers. Statistical analysis of data was done with SPSS ver. 25.
Results: 77.6% (n = 76) of the study population were women, the mean age was 38.7 (± 7.87) years old and the experience was 13.28 (±7.5) years. 54.6% (n = 53) had attended an educational seminar on pressure ulcers in the past, and only 26% (n = 25) of the study population reported using scales. The mean score of correct answers of participants was calculated to be 76.87 (± 9.21). No statistically significant correlation was found between mean knowledge score in regard to type of ICU, experience, educational level, nurse / patient ratio, attendance at training seminar or use of assessment scale by participants. However, statistically significant correlations were found between participants' knowledge of some questions regarding their demographic and occupational data.
Conclusions: Although the knowledge level of the ICU nursing staff was judged to be satisfactory, specific cognitive deficits were identified, reflecting the non-compliance of employees with the pressure ulcers guidelines. It is concluded that there is a need to emphasize on-going training of workers in the prevention and treatment of pressure ulcers, as well as the need to adopt protocols for the use of assessment scales.
Main subject category:
Pressure ulcer, Knowledge, Intensive Care Unit, Nurse, Prevention, Treatment, Assessment scale
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