Floods are the second most common natural disaster after forest fires in our country. They cause deaths, population displacements and environmental damage. In addition, they seriously jeopardize the economic and environmental development of the affected area. The magnitude of the physical and human costs of such events can, however, be reduced if adequate emergency preparedness and planning is implemented, in the context of planning and implementing mitigation and coordinated response actions during and after the catastrophic flood-related event.
The purpose of this postgraduate thesis is to highlight the importance of addressing flood events and to make a comprehensive plan for managing this phenomenon by all stakeholders.
The literature review of the scientific articles, reviews and reports will initially provide an analysis of the flood phenomenon. Secondly, a comprehensive reference will be made to the legal framework governing the floods and ways to deal with the flood phenomenon in Greece and internationally. Finally, we will come to conclusions and propose ways of responding to an integrated operational approach to this phenomenon.
It is concluded that the success of flood risk management lies in the co-operations of individual citizens and the interconnected system of planning, coordinating, responding and implementing the flood risk project management. The roles and intermediaries of implementing agencies and implementation services must be clear with a view to protecting human life and property and the environment from the catastrophic effects.