The effect of environmental factors in the development of breast cancer

Postgraduate Thesis uoadl:2899348 195 Read counter

Κατεύθυνση Περιβάλλον και Υγεία: Διαχείριση Περιβαλλοντικών Θεμάτων με Επιπτώσεις στην Υγεία
Library of the School of Health Sciences
Deposit date:
Καλπαξίδου Μαρία-Ευαγγελία
Supervisors info:
Νικόλαος Καβαντζάς, Καθηγητής, Ιατρική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ, Επιβλέπων
Ανδρέας Χ. Λάζαρης, Καθηγητής, Ιατρική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ
Σωτήριος Μάιπας, Δρ. Φυσικός, Ιατρική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ
Original Title:
H επίδραση των περιβαλλοντικών παραγόντων στην ανάπτυξη καρκίνου του μαστού
Translated title:
The effect of environmental factors in the development of breast cancer
Breast cancer is a multifactorial disease, which can occur in both sexes, with higher incidence among women. Its etiology remains unknown despite extensive research conducted in the field of oncology. The purpose of this study is to explore the causes of breast cancer, that is the predisposing factors that could lead to its development. These factors are mostly genetic and environmental. Genetic factors are defined as those which can be “transmitted” through human cells, whereas environmental factors are those which affect humans throughout their life. Knowing such factors can contribute to the assessment of women at high risk of breast cancer. Therefore, regular monitoring achieves timely treatment of breast cancer. Moreover, such knowledge can facilitate the change of certain dangerous habits, thus supporting the prevention efforts of the disease. To begin with, this dissertation makes a general reference to cancer (Chapter 1), and Chapter 2 describes the anatomy and physiology of the breast, as well as diseases that may occur. Chapter 3 provides a comprehensive view of breast cancer, the types of carcinomas, the stages of the disease, its clinical picture and its epidemiology. Subsequently, Chapter 4 presents an examination and thorough analysis of predisposing factors related to the development of breast cancer, followed by a focus on the environmental factors that could lead to breast cancer (Chapter 5). Further, it details the factors that could lead to the presence of breast cancer in men (Chapter 6). Chapters 8 and 9 deal with the diagnosis and the treatment of breast cancer. Finally, the dissertation concludes with a presentation of the relevant findings.
Main subject category:
Health Sciences
Cancer, Breast, Breast cancer, Genetic factors, Environmental factors
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