Causes of turnout in the Emergency Department (ED) by patients with lung cancer. Prospective study

Postgraduate Thesis uoadl:2922297 12 Read counter

Κατεύθυνση Καρκίνος Πνεύμονα: Σύγχρονη Κλινικοεργαστηριακή Προσέγγιση και Έρευνα
Library of the School of Health Sciences
Deposit date:
Panou Iliana
Supervisors info:
Μπακάκος Πέτρος,Αναπληρωτής Καθηγητής,Ιατρική Σχολή,ΕΚΠΑ
Στρατάκος Γρηγόριος,Αναπληρωτής Καθηγητής,Ιατρική Σχολή,ΕΚΠΑ
Ροβίνα Νικολέττα,Επίκουρη Καθηγήτρια,Ιατρική Σχολή,ΕΚΠΑ
Original Title:
Αίτια προσέλευσης στο Τμήμα Επειγόντων Περιστατικών (Τ.Ε.Π.) ασθενών με καρκίνο πνεύμονα. Προοπτική μελέτη
Translated title:
Causes of turnout in the Emergency Department (ED) by patients with lung cancer. Prospective study
Introduction: Because of the constantly increasing impact of lung cancer on the general population and also the significant improvement in median recovery rate, thanks to modern antineoplastic therapeutics, patients who are suffering from lung cancer present diverse and complicated problems on all stages of the disease that are generally caused by its course and the side effects of its therapy, while the presence of pre-existent illnesses intensifies the frequency and degree of their seriousness and further complicates the outcome. These problems often lead patients to the Emergency Department(ED).
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to inspect the most common causes of turnout in the ED by patients with lung cancer.
Method: A prospective, non-invasive study was conducted in the ED of ''The Sotiria'' Thoracic Diseases General Hospital from October 2019 to January 2020. 101 patients diagnosed with primary lung cancer, were examined. The patients' demographic and clinical characteristics, the features of the disease, the cause of their attendance as it was determined by the ED and their final outcome was recorded in a form especially designed for the specific survey followed by statistical analysis of the data.
Results: Analysis showed that 48,51% of patients attended the emergency ward because of causes related to the disease and its process, while 34,65% attended because of consequences associated with the side effects and the toxicity of the antineoplastic therapy. Subsequently, 15,84% attended due to respiratory infection. Finally, one patient (0,99%) attended due to aggravation of pre-existing conditions.
Conclusions: The causes of attendance in the ED by patients with lung cancer is relevant to their basic underlying disease and its treatment in almost all cases and require effective assessment and therapy. A modern ED should ensure high levels of health care for this particular group of patients.
Main subject category:
Health Sciences
Lung cancer, Emergency Department(ED)
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