The purchase and sale of female slaves in the papyri of the post-Christian era

Postgraduate Thesis uoadl:2933422 53 Read counter

Κατεύθυνση Αρχαία Ελληνική Φιλολογία
Library of the School of Philosophy
Deposit date:
Provis Fotios
Supervisors info:
Αμφιλόχιος Παπαθωμάς, Καθηγητής Αρχαίας Ελληνικής Φιλολογίας—Παπυρολογίας
Ροζαλία Χατζηλάμπρου, Επίκουρη Καθηγήτρια Αρχαίας Ελληνικής Φιλολογίας
Αθηνά Μπάζου, Επίκουρη Καθηγήτρια της Αρχαίας Ελληνικής Φιλολογίας
Original Title:
Η αγοραπωλησία γυναικών-δούλων σε παπύρους της μεταχριστιανικής εποχής
Translated title:
The purchase and sale of female slaves in the papyri of the post-Christian era
This assignment focuses on slavery and more specifically on the women slave trade during the post-Christian centuries.

The reasons for the attention on the post-Christian era are the following:
A) It is clear that the Roman Empire at the beginning of the post-Christian years has been territorially stabilized and politically fulfilled, thus we can more easily locate the changes and the shifting at the level of social practice without having to calculate the unbalanced factor of political changes. The pax romana that had dominated from the August period until the death of Marcus Aurelius in 180 AD in conjunction with the turbulent times that followed until the barbaric raids in the half of the fourth century undoubtedly allows us to locate changes on the position of the woman slave which are due to endogenous factors relevant to the development of the socio-economic formation of slavery.
B) The division of the empire in two compartments since 395 AD signals political changes like the German invasions in the north as well as social changes while the slave-owning system is gradually being transformed into a feudal one
C) The advent and prevalence of Christianity shows that the socio-political changes had as expected an impact on the ideological level with the transition from polytheism to monotheism. The rising religion of Christianity is unquestionably a product of the social changes of the times. However the effects of society on ideology are not one-sided. In reality they are in a deeply dialectical relationship and consequently it is not rare that ideology affect social practices and perceptions. From such a point of view it is important to show any changes in the way slaves and especially women were treated during the period of the consolidation of Christianity.

Hence, we would say that it is particularly interesting to examine the position of the woman slave-of the human who is being exploited and oppressed because of their social class and gender. Through the study of papyrus texts of sale and purchase it is possible to investigate the position of the woman slave in society, her relationship with male slaves and also the noticeable changes in the treatment she receives under the influence of shifts either on the socio-economic or the ideological-political level.
Main subject category:
Papyri, female slaves, slavery, purchase and sale, family, social class, post-Christian era
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