Hλίας Τζαβέλλας, Αναπληρωτής Καθηγητής, Ιατρική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ
Θωμάς Παπαρρηγόπουλος, Καθηγητής, Ιατρική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ
Βασίλειος Μασδράκης, Αναπληρωτής Καθηγητής, Ιατρική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ
Introduction: Affective temperament and impulsiveness are personality traits that are
associated with alcohol misuse. The aim of the present study is to investigate the
relationship between cyclothymic temperament and impulsiveness and their impact in
alcohol dependent patients.
Method: The sample of research is N=62 individuals with alcohol use disorder.
M.I.N.I was used in order to exclude patients with others psychiatric disorders, while
TEMPS-A was used to assess the temperamental distribution. Impulsivity trait was
assessed using Barratt’s Impulsiveness Scale (BIS 11).
Results: Participants scored highest in cyclothymic temperament (51,6%), while
hyperthymic temperament was also in high level (35,5%). Alcohol dependent patients
were allocated in two subgroups for impulsivity trait on the basis of the cutoff point.
Patients who had a low level of impulsivity was 43 (69,4%), while patients on high
level was 19 (30,6%). Significant differences were found (H(3)= 16,932, p= 0,001)
comparing affective temperament and impulsivity, but only cyclothymic (23,64) and
hyperthymic (40,77) temperaments had a statistically significant difference (p= 0,004).
Additionally, significant association was observed between temperament and alcohol
use (χ2(3)= 17,070, p= 0,001). Patients with alcohol abstinence scored in cyclothymic
type (75%), while patients with current alcohol use scored in irritable type (85,7%).
As regards impulsiveness, where t(60)= -2,623 (p= 0,011), mean in participants with
alcohol abstinence was 60,31, while in patients with alcohol use was 68,53%.
Discussion: The above results are in line with relevant research data. Cyclothymia is
high in alcohol dependent patients and irritability is also high in patients with current
alcohol use. Nevertheless, no significant correlation was found between cyclothymic
temperament and impulsivity trait. Our results indicate that impulsiveness scored
higher in hyperthymic type than in cyclothymic. In this study, also, patients with
current alcohol use present higher levels of impulsivity compared to these with
Alcohol use, Affective temperament, Cyclothymia, Impulsivity