Anatomic variations of the deep femoral artery and its branches: clinical implications on anterolateral thigh harvesting

Postgraduate Thesis uoadl:2942680 4 Read counter

Κατεύθυνση Χειρουργική Ανατομία
Library of the School of Health Sciences
Deposit date:
Tzouma Georgia
Supervisors info:
Τρουπής Θεόδωρος, Αναπληρωτής Καθηγητής, Ιατρική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ
Πιάγκου Μαρία, Επίκουρη Καθηγήτρια, Ιατρική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ
Πρωτογέρου Βασίλειος, Αναπληρωτής Καθηγητής, Ιατρική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ
Original Title:
Ανατομικές παραλλαγές εν τω βάθει μηριαίας αρτηρίας και λήψη προσθιοπλάγιου κρημνού μηρού
Translated title:
Anatomic variations of the deep femoral artery and its branches: clinical implications on anterolateral thigh harvesting
The deep femoral artery (DFA) is the largest branch of the common femoral artery (CFA),
supplying with its branches, the medial circumflex femoral artery (MCFA) and lateral circumflex femoral artery (LCFA), the thigh muscles, the hip joint, and the femur. Their anatomical variations have a great impact on both interventional and surgical procedures. The anterolateral thigh (ALT) flap, a versatile soft tissue with highly increasing use in reconstructive surgery, is noticeably influenced by this variability. A total of 25 articles were incorporated into the review. Studies conducted after the year 2009 were included. After the assessment of all studies included, we concluded that the DFΑ arises from the CFA with a varying site of origin, the posterolateral being the prevalent one found in 51.32% of cases. Of all cases studied, the MCFA and the LCFA most often originated from the DFA in 63.125% and 74.92%, respectively, but the CFA constitutes another frequent source of origin in 27% and 12.12% of cases, respectively. The descending branch of the lateral circumflex femoral artery (dLCFA) is the prominent pedicle in the ALT flap, originating from the LCFA in 83.55% of cases. However, the
presence of an oblique lateral circumflex femoral artery (oLCFA) branch with changeable
origination was observed. Knowledge of the anatomical variants in the deep femoral
artery is imperative both for interventional radiologists and surgeons. Especially in
reconstructive surgery, the possibility for different sources supplying the skin and
the pedicle compel surgeons to acquire an awareness of this subject.
Main subject category:
Health Sciences
Anatomic variations, Deep femoral artery, Medial circumflex femoral artery, Lateral circumflex femoral artery, Anterolateral thigh flap
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