Σωτήριος Μάιπας, Δρ., Φυσικός, Ιατρική Σχολή ΕΚΠΑ
Ιωάννης Τσάκνης, Καθηγητής Σχολής Επιστημών Τροφίμων Πανεπιστημίου Δυτικής Αττικής
Ανδρέας Χ. Λάζαρης, Καθηγητής Ιατρικής Σχολής ΕΚΠΑ
The modern life of human beings, including nutrition, has adverse effects on human health, as well as on the environment. At the same time, the elimination of malnutrition worldwide is the second of the 17 goals of Sustainable Development. In the context of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the definition of sustainable nutrition, in line with the objectives of sustainability, must meet specific criteria: be of good quality, provide adequate nutrients to ensure human health, be available to all, respect the environment and the special characteristics of each culture, be safe and affordable. With accelerating population growth and ever-increasing demands on food, energy and arable land, immediate global solutions must be found. The aim of this paper is to review the recent literature on the role of nutrition in the context of the 17 goals of sustainable development, set by the United Nations, and aims, in the absence of relevant literature, to emphasize its importance in achieving the goals, to highlight, as far as possible, all the parameters related to nutrition, sustainability and ultimately human well-being and planetary health. Initially, there is a reference to the definitions of sustainability, sustainable nutrition and global syndemic, then there is an analysis of the 17 goals from the point of nutrition and food systems, and finally, a description of the progress achieved so far in the midst of the global pandemic of COVID-19.
Sustainable development, Sustainable nutrition, Sustainable diets, Planet nutrition, Goals of sustainable development, Environmental health, Global syndemic