Μαρία Μαργαρίτη, Αναπληρώτρια Καθηγήτρια, Ιατρική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ
Μαρίνα Οικονόμου, Καθηγήτρια, Ιατρική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ
Αιμιλία-Μαρία Λεγάκη, Μέλος ΕΔΙΠ, Ιατρική Σχολή , ΕΚΠΑ
Introduction: There is significant evidence in the international literature that exposure of police - first responders to critical potential traumatic events, stressful experiences and emergencies significantly affects work stress levels and in particular Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, psychopathology, crucial for the physical and mental health, well-being, well-being and effectiveness of these police officers. To deal with all these effects, the role of the protective factor of mental resilience among police officers in their physical, emotional, mental and mental functionality and performance inside and outside their workplace becomes equally important internationally. Purpose: To investigate and capture the levels of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Mental Endurance and their correlations with the individual scales of Occupational Exhaustion, Depression and Anxiety, presented by the special police services and first responder teams. Material - Method: 150 combat first correspondents of EL.AS, participated voluntarily and after the end of their service in the internet search through the email address in google forms during the period from 13/01/2021 to 31/01/2016. Data were collected using questionnaires on Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PCL-C), Mental Resilience (CD-RISC), Occupational Exhaustion (OLBI), Stress (STAI) and Depression (ZDRS) and the collection of clinical demographic data and occupational characteristics of the participants, while the statistical analysis was done with the help of statistical package SPSS n.22.0.
Results: The majority of participants were men, with an average age of 29.5 years, unmarried without children with undergraduate studies, while the majority had the rank of police officer with an average service life of 8.5 years and the handling of vapors with psychological problems and the clash with the citizens were the most frequent critical events during the last month. The most important findings concerned higher levels of mental resilience. participants were significantly associated with low rates of PTSD, Anxiety, Depression, and Occupational Exhaustion, while high rates of PTSD were associated with were significantly associated with high rates of Anxiety, Depression and Occupational Exhaustion in the first Greek correspondent police officers, confirming the research hypotheses of the present study. Conclusion: The vast majority of participants were found to be in good health, low levels of psychopathology and mild to moderate symptoms of PTSD, emphasizing the importance of the protective effect of Mental Resilience. Present to enhance the mental resilience of these police officers with the aim of always promoting their mental health - prevention of psychiatric disorders.
Police officers - first correspondents, Critical incidents, Post -traumatic stress, Mental resilience, Vocational exhaustion, Police stress, Psychopathology