The consumption of alcohol and its correlation with poverty as well as the role of the social context

Postgraduate Thesis uoadl:3217143 10 Read counter

Unit:
Κατεύθυνση Αντιμετώπιση Εξαρτήσεων-Εξαρτησιολογία
Library of the School of Health Sciences
Deposit date:
2022-05-11
Year:
2022
Author:
Kyriakidou Sotiria
Supervisors info:
Παπαρρηγόπουλος Θωμάς, Καθηγητής, Ιατρική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ
Τζαβέλλας Ηλίας, Καθηγητής, Ιατρική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ
Τριανταφύλλου Καλλιόπη, Ψυχολόγος
Original Title:
Η σχέση της χρήσης αλκοόλ με τις δυσμενείς οικονομικές συνθήκες διαβίωσης και ο ρόλος του κοινωνικού πλαισίου
Languages:
Greek
Translated title:
The consumption of alcohol and its correlation with poverty as well as the role of the social context
Summary:
Introduction: Poverty is a multifaceted social phenomenon which, among its many effects on people's lives, has been associated with the use of alcohol, while at the same time, the use of alcohol has been found to be related to the unfavorable economic living conditions of individuals.
Purpose: The main purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between the phenomenon of poverty and alcohol use as well as the role played by the social context of the individual. At the same time, an attempt was made to investigate the influence of alcohol use in relation to the family and social contacts of the individual and whether this system is affected by adverse or non-adverse economic living conditions.
Methodology: Participants completed four questionnaires (Demographic Questionnaire, Alcohol Detection Questionnaire, Family Relationship Scale Questionnaire, and Social Support Assessment Questionnaire). The final sample consisted of 300 people, equally divided into 150 people living above the poverty line and 150 people living below the poverty line, of which 42% it is men and 58% it is women. Moreover, 23,1% of the final sample is up to 35 years old, 21,4% is between 36-45 years old, 32,8% is between 46-55 years old, 19,1% is between 56-65 years old and 3,7% is above 65 years old.
Results: Statistical analysis has shown that people living above the poverty line tend to consume alcohol more often than people living in poverty (p<0.001). However, from the analysis of the data it seems that 33,9% of people living in poverty consume 3 or 4 alcoholic beverages per day while for people living in conditions of poverty the corresponding percentage is 11,6% (p<0.001). To continue, 73,3% of the sample above the poverty line stated that they never drink more than six alcoholic beverages while for people below the poverty line the percentage is 64,1% (p<0.001), a fact that indicates that people experiencing poverty tend to consume more alcoholic beverages when they decide to drink alcohol. Moreover, it turns out that poverty correlates with both key components of this research; the level of dysfunction from alcohol use as well as the level of evaluation of family relationships. From the analysis of the data, it was found that people living in poverty show a higher level of dysfunction than the use of alcohol (p<0.003) as well as a lower level of evaluation of family relationships (p<0.000) in relation to people living above the poverty line.
In conclusion: The present project attempts to contribute to a better understanding of the relationship between alcohol use and the adverse or non-adverse living conditions of individuals.
Main subject category:
Health Sciences
Keywords:
Poverty, Alcohol use, Living conditions, Alcoholic drinks, Social context
Index:
No
Number of index pages:
0
Contains images:
No
Number of references:
19
Number of pages:
56
Kyriakidou Sotiria MSc.pdf (444 KB) Open in new window