Depressive symptomatology, stress and alcohol consumption among young adults during Covid-19

Postgraduate Thesis uoadl:3218661 8 Read counter

Κατεύθυνση Αντιμετώπιση Εξαρτήσεων-Εξαρτησιολογία
Library of the School of Health Sciences
Deposit date:
Marouli Georgia
Supervisors info:
Μαλλιώρη Μινέρβα Μελπομένη, Ομότιμη Καθηγήτρια, Ιατρική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ
Παπαρρηγόπουλος Θωμάς, Αναπληρωτής Καθηγητής, Ιατρική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ
Τριανταφύλλου Καλλιόπη, Επιστημονική συνεργάτις, Ιατρική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ
Original Title:
Καταθλιπτική συμπτωματολογία, στρες και κατανάλωση αλκοόλ από φοιτητικό πληθυσμό κατά τη διάρκεια της πανδημίας του Covid 19
Translated title:
Depressive symptomatology, stress and alcohol consumption among young adults during Covid-19
Introduction: Covid- 19 had serious consequences on people’s health. Except from their physical health it also affected their mental health. These consequences had serious impact on college students’ mental health because of their vulnerability on mental health issues and the fact that during this period of time they have to deal with multiple changes and challenges.
Aims: The purpose of this study is to investigate the long term mental health consequences on college students about two years after the beginning of the pandemic. Specifically the study examines the levels of perceived stress, depression as well as alcohol consumption on students.
Methods: This is a cross- sectional study that took place on December 2021 and January 2022. A total of 524 young adults participated in this research, 399 of them were females, 119 males and 6 non binary people, 18-25 years old. We used Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) to measure depressive symptoms, Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) for stress symptoms and Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) to access alcohol consumption. These questionnaires were sent to the participants via online surveys and were uploaded on multiple Facebook groups for college students.
Results: 23.9% of the participants reported moderate depressive symptoms and 14.3% severe. Also, 59.4% of the participants had higher than normal perceived stress. Depressive symptoms positively correlated with perceived stress (p< 0.001). Solitarily alcohol consumption positively correlated with perceived stress (p= 0.01) as well as depressive symptoms (p= 0.034). Female participants reported higher perceived stress (p= 0.01), depressive symptoms (p= 0.008) and lower harmful alcohol consumption (p= 0.017) than male participants. Last but not least participants who had the Covid- 19 vaccine reported lower perceived stress levels (p= 0.05), lower depressive symptoms (p= 0.018) as well as less harmful alcohol consumption (p= 0.028) compared to participants who had not been vaccinated.
Conclusion: The present study highlights that the Covid-19 pandemic led to long- term mental health effects on young adults suggesting that the psychosocial support of this group should be taken into consideration.
Main subject category:
Health Sciences
Depression, Stress, Alcohol consumption, Covid-19, Young adults
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