Wheelchair design for patients with spinal cord injuries

Postgraduate Thesis uoadl:3221569 4 Read counter

Unit:
ΠΜΣ Αποκατάσταση Βλαβών Νωτιαίου Μυελού. Διαχείριση του πόνου Σπονδυλικής προέλευσης
Library of the School of Health Sciences
Deposit date:
2022-06-23
Year:
2022
Author:
Kouzelis Andreas
Supervisors info:
Βλάμης, Ιωάννης, Αναπληρωτής Καθηγητής, Ιατρική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ
Μπενέτος Ιωάννης, Ακαδημαϊκός Υπότροφος, Ιατρική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ
Ευαγγελόπουλος Δημήτριος-Στέργιος, Ακαδημαϊκός Υπότροφος, Ιατρική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ
Original Title:
Σχεδιασμός αμαξιού για άτομα με κάκωση νωτιαίου μυελού
Languages:
Greek
Translated title:
Wheelchair design for patients with spinal cord injuries
Summary:
Introduction
Wheelchairs are the most common means of transportation for people with spinal cord injury (SCI). The needs, requirements, functional capabilities and personal preferences of the SCI patient should be clarified in order to obtain a wheelchair that will satisfactorily meet its particularities and will enjoy maximum comfort. The purpose of this study is to review the designs of wheelchairs used in the rehabilitation of patients with SCI.
Materials and methods
In the PUBMED electronic database, a search was performed with the use of the following keywords: "wheelchair" AND "spinal cord injury" AND "design". Inclusion criteria were studies evaluating wheelchair design in patients with SCI.
Results
The search revealed 573 papers. After checking titles and excluding papers, 48 studies were left for the present review. The proper design of wheelchair is vital to the quality of life of SCI patient. The design characteristics of the seat, the backrest, the wheels, the footrests, the cushions and other accessories may help SCI patients increase their independence and functionality and prevent from pressure ulcers.
VIII
Conclusions
The choice of the proper wheelchair is of paramount importance in SCI patients, as the right type provides every possible facility in the daily life. The wheelchair should be designed in a way that it can be used easily and safely by SCI patients providing comfort, stability and ergonomics. The right type of wheelchair makes the SCI patient more independent, sometimes relieves him of the need to rely on other people and increases his engagement with activities.
Main subject category:
Health Sciences
Keywords:
Spinal cord injury, Wheelchair, Design
Index:
No
Number of index pages:
0
Contains images:
Yes
Number of references:
61
Number of pages:
53
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