The effect of exercise in patients with obstructive sleep apnea: a systematic review

Postgraduate Thesis uoadl:3232264 4 Read counter

Unit:
Κατεύθυνση Εργοσπιρομετρία και Καρδιοαναπνευστική Αποκατάσταση
Library of the School of Health Sciences
Deposit date:
2022-09-22
Year:
2022
Author:
Kampitakis Antonios
Supervisors info:
Ελευθέριος Καρατζάνος, Επιστημονικός Συνεργάτης, Ιατρική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ

Χριστίνα Ρούτση, Καθηγήτρια, Ιατρική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ

Αναστάσιος Φιλίππου, Αναπληρωτής Καθηγητής, Ιατρική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ
Original Title:
Η επίδραση της άσκησης σε ασθενείς με σύνδρομο άπνοιας - υπόπνοιας κατά τον ύπνο: συστηματική ανασκόπηση
Languages:
Greek
Translated title:
The effect of exercise in patients with obstructive sleep apnea: a systematic review
Summary:
Objective: The objective of this systematic analysis was to collect, investigate, highlight, and compare the scientific data concerning the effects of exercise on the treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome.
Methodology: This systematic review was done according to PRISMA principles and the articles were evaluated according to the PEDro scale. For the purpose of this review, a systematic search was performed in 4 scientific databases, to find, collect and evaluate studies on the effects of exercise on patients with obstructive sleep apnea. The systematic search and collection of the studies was carried out in the electronic scientific databases PUBMED, CINAHL, PEDro and SPORT DISCUS. Randomized controlled trials were introduced in this systematic review, where intervention groups practiced exercise. In each study, the intervention groups had aν exercise program, while the control groups either did some other type of exercise or the usual treatment or no exercise at all. The methodological quality of the studies included in this systematic review was rated as “moderate quality” with a score of 6.375/10 according to the PEDro scale.
Results: In the studies of this systematic review there was heterogeneity of the interventions in terms of the type of exercise. The results of the studies were grouped into four main parameters which allowed the comparison of the different types of exercise. The four parameters were Quality of Sleep, Quality of Life, Fitness Capacity and Other Values, and Anthropometric Values. Regardless of the type of exercise, in all studies the Quality of Sleep was measured, in 6 of the 8 studies the Quality of Life was measured, in 5 of the 8 the Fitness Capacity and Other Values was measured and in 6 of the 8 the anthropometric Values were measured. In all studies there was an improvement in specific indicators of the variables that constitute the parameter Quality of Sleep, in 4 of the 6 studies there was an improvement in the Quality of Life indicators, in 3 of the 5 studies there was an improvement in the indicators of Fitness Capacity and Other Values, and in 5 of the 6 studies there was an improvement in the Anthropometric Values indicators.
Conclusions: This is systematic review has shown that the exercise can improve Quality of Sleep, Quality of Life, Anthropometric Values and Fitness Capacity and Other Values, in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. Different forms of exercise improved different parameters. Combining exercise and CPAP use, has been shown to be more effective for all patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea regardless of the Apnea – Hypopnea Index rating. In addition, in all studies it was found that any protocol or type of exercise followed by the intervention group reduce the Apnea – Hypopnea Index rating.
Main subject category:
Health Sciences
Keywords:
Training, Rehabilitation, Exercise, Physical activity, Obstructive sleep apnea
Index:
No
Number of index pages:
0
Contains images:
Yes
Number of references:
96
Number of pages:
76
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