Clinical and psychopathological characteristics of patients with suicide attempt evaluated by the team of Liaison Psychiatry of the University General Hospital

Postgraduate Thesis uoadl:3393808 37 Read counter

Κατεύθυνση Διασυνδετική Ψυχιατρική και Απαρτιωμένη Φροντίδα Σωματικής και Ψυχικής Υγείας
Library of the School of Health Sciences
Deposit date:
Zempi Maria
Supervisors info:
Α. Παπαδοπούλου, Διδάκτωρ, Ιατρική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ
Ε. Ρίζος, Καθηγητής, Ιατρική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ
Β. Ευσταθίου, Επίκουρη Καθηγήτρια, Ιατρική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ
Original Title:
Κλινικά και ψυχοπαθολογικά χαρακτηριστικά ασθενών με απόπειρα αυτοκτονίας που εκτιμήθηκαν από την ομάδα της Διασυνδετικής Ψυχιατρικής Πανεπιστημιακού Γενικού Νοσοκομείου
Translated title:
Clinical and psychopathological characteristics of patients with suicide attempt evaluated by the team of Liaison Psychiatry of the University General Hospital
Introduction: Suicide attempt is one of the most serious health problems, according to the World Health Organization. Various theories have been developed to identify specific characteristics which are risk factors for suicidal behavior and their identification could have prognostic value and contribution to both prevention and treatment of suicidal behavior.
Objective: The present study aims to investigate these characteristics that according to literature have been most associated with suicidal behavior, specifically loneliness, fear of pain, hopelessness and depression in patients with recent suicide attempt. The purpose of this paper is to examine whether each of these variables is related to each other and to suicidal behavior.
Material and Method: A total of 83 patients (32 men and 51 women) in the age range of 18 to 93, hospitalized at the clinics of Attikon University General Hospital with recent suicide attempt were studied. Participants completed the Suicide Intent Scale (SIS), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS), Revised UCLA Loneliness Scale (UCLA), Fear of Pain Questionnaire (FPQ) and a short demographic and clinical questionnaire. Thereafter, the data were analyzed through the statistical processing program of the Statistical Social Science Package (SPSS-28).
Results: Statistical analyses showed that there is a significant association between high suicidal intent and higher levels of depression, loneliness and lower levels of fear of pain. In addition, a significant statistical correlation was found regarding to high feelings of loneliness, hopelessness and the presence of depressive symptoms. Subsequently, it was found that higher levels of hopelessness were significantly correlated with lower levels of fear of pain and higher feeling of loneliness and higher levels of depression. Finally, violent methods of attempting suicide chosen by men, were associated with higher suicidal intent and lower fear of pain in these individuals.
Conclusions: The findings of the present study support the fact that there are specific characteristics associated with an increasing likelihood of suicidal behavior and their early detection may contribute to facilitate clinical interventions. Further research is worthwhile to examine other factors related to suicidal intention and to study in greater detail the specific ones, in particular the mechanism by which fear of pain works, because it is an important parameter for suicidal behavior.
Main subject category:
Health Sciences
Suicide, Suicide attempt, Gender, Suicide methods, Suicidal behavior
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File access is restricted until 2024-09-29.

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