The woman’s status in roman Egypt: aspects of economic and social life based on the greek papyri of the roman period

Doctoral Dissertation uoadl:1333134 962 Read counter

Unit:
Κατεύθυνση Αρχαία Ελληνική Φιλολογία
Library of the School of Philosophy
Deposit date:
2017-03-10
Year:
2017
Author:
Thoma Marianna
Dissertation committee:
Αμφιλόχιος Παπαθωμάς, Καθηγητής Κλασικής Φιλολογίας, Τμήμα Φιλολογίας, Φιλοσοφική Σχολή ΕΚΠΑ
Βασίλειος Λεντάκης, Αναπληρωτής Καθηγητής Κλασικής Φιλολογίας, Τμήμα Φιλολογίας, Φιλοσοφική Σχολή ΕΚΠΑ
Ανδρέας Χέλμης, Επίκουρος Καθηγητής, Τμήμα Νομικής, ΕΚΠΑ
Ροζαλία Χατζηλάμπρου, Λέκτορας Κλασικής Φιλολογίας, Τμήμα Φιλολογίας, Φιλοσοφική Σχολή ΕΚΠΑ
Νικόλαος Γεωργαντζόγλου, Καθηγητής Κλασικής Φιλολογίας, Τμήμα Φιλολογίας, Φιλοσοφική Σχολή ΕΚΠΑ
Ελένη Καραμαλέγκου, Καθηγήτρια Κλασικής Φιλολογίας, Τμήμα Φιλολογίας, Φιλοσοφική Σχολή ΕΚΠΑ
Αθηνά Μπάζου, Λέκτορας Κλασικής Φιλολογίας, Τμήμα Φιλολογίας, Φιλοσοφική Σχολή ΕΚΠΑ
Original Title:
Η θέση της γυναίκας στη ρωμαϊκή Αίγυπτο: όψεις της οικονομικής και κοινωνικής ζωής με βάση τους ελληνικούς παπύρους της ρωμαϊκής περιόδου
Languages:
Greek
Translated title:
The woman’s status in roman Egypt: aspects of economic and social life based on the greek papyri of the roman period
Summary:
Μy PhD dissertation is entitled “The Woman’s Status in Roman Egypt: Aspects of Economic and Social Life Based on the Greek Papyri of the Roman Period” and includes a wider research of the life and status – economic and social – of women in Greco-Roman Egypt of the first four centuries A.D. on the basis of the numerous papyrus documents (public and private), which come from that era. Women at all levels of society can be found in papyri from Roman era owning houses or parts of houses, buying and selling agricultural land, receiving jewelry and other such movables, which they could have pawned. In the first part of the dissertation, I deal with the most common jobs for women in Roman Egypt which would ensure them some economic power. Furthermore, I discuss in which ways a woman in Roman Egypt could acquire and dispose of private property -movable and immovable- according to her social status. In the movable property slaves, animals and jewelry, clothes and various items are included, while in the immovable property land and houses are presented. Wills, donations mortis causa and marriage contracts saved on papyrus documents can offer invaluable material to analyze women’s economic power, depending mainly on their right to share in their family’s property by means of dowry and inheritance. Moreover, the dissertation discusses the women’s participation in loans as lenders and debtors. In the second part of the dissertation, I deal with some aspects of social life of women, like the participation in social events and their interest for education. In addition, the research focuses on some social relationships, like the one between masters and slaves, as far as some family relationships and roles: mother, mother-in-law, wife. In this part, I study private letters coming from Roman era, where various feelings and complaints are expressed by women, shedding light on their general role and position in the family and society of Greco-Roman Egypt. By studying all these documents, I try to evaluate the life, the role, the economic and social power of women in Roman Egypt, which was a multicultural society, where various legal systems, social traditions and religious beliefs coexisted.
Main subject category:
Roman history
Keywords:
Woman's position, Roman Egypt, Economic life, Social life, Greek non literary papyri
Index:
No
Number of index pages:
0
Contains images:
No
Number of references:
345
Number of pages:
302
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