Χ. Παπαγεωργίου, Καθηγητής, Ιατρική, ΕΚΠΑ
Ε. Λαζαράτου, Αναπληρώτρια Καθηγήτρια, Ιατρική, ΕΚΠΑ
Δ. Δικαίος, Καθηγητής, Ιατρική, ΕΚΠΑ
Θ. Παπαρρηγόπουλος, Αναπληρωτής Καθηγητής, Ιατρική, ΕΚΠΑ
Δ. Αναγνωστόπουλος, Αναπληρωτής Καθηγητής, Ιατρική, ΕΚΠΑ
Α. Παπανικολάου, Αναπληρώτρια Καθηγήτρια, Ιατρική, ΕΚΠΑ
Κ. Ψάρρος, Επίκουρος Καθηγητής, Ιατρική, ΕΚΠΑ
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common psychiatric disorders in childhood. Although sleep problems in ADHD are quite frequent, their relationship to the clinical picture has not been adequately clarified. In this study we examine the relationship of sleep disorders with psychopathology and functioning in children with ADHD.
We examined 60 ADHD children between the ages of 4 and 17 years old with no comorbid somatic or psychiatric disorders. The questionnaires used were the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ) and the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). Correlation and multiple linear regression analyses were performed.
The large majority of ADHD children suffer from sleep problems and for many the CBCL scores place them within the clinical spectrum regarding total competence, total problems, aggressive behaviour, internalising and externalising problems.
Total sleep problems as assessed by the CSHQ were strongly correlated with the total problems’ score of the CBCL (p=0,001).
Night awakenings, bed resistance and sleep anxiety were also correlated to CBCL total problems’ scale, as well as with CBCL scores of social problems and externalising problems, specifically aggressive behaviour.
ADHD, Children, Sleep problems, Functioning