Κατεύθυνση Σχεδιασμός και Διοίκηση Υπηρεσιών ΥγείαςLibrary of the School of Health Sciences
Ιωάννης Τούντας, Καθηγητής, Ιατρική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ, Επιβλέπων
Μαρία Καντζανού, Επίκουρη Καθηγήτρια, Ιατρική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ
Βασιλική Μπενέτου, Αναπληρώτρια Καθηγήτρια, Ιατρική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ
Κατανάλωση αντιβιοτικών σκευασμάτων και οι συνέπειες στη δημόσια υγεία
Antibiotics consuming and the consequences at the public health
Microbiology studies the microorganisms functions and it is considered to be a biological and medical division since 19th century. On the other hand, infections are reported since the 3rd century BC, as well as the germs transmission at human body. The germs are considered to be the cause of the infections, a field that is studied by Medical Microbiology. The typical cell is divided into two categories, the eukaryotic cell that include a nucleus and the prokaryotic cell that does not include a nucleus. The typical cells are of paramount importance with vital contribution to our biological mechanisms. In order to defend ourselves against microbes we developed antibiotics which target different cell regions, including the cell membrane, the ribosomes and DNA. The most prominent antibiotics are the penicillins, cefalosporins, glycopeptides, tetracyclines, chloramphenicol, aminoglycosides, macrolides, lincosamides, fusidic acid, oxazilidinones, quinolones and other antibiotic medicines. The matter that shows up is that the abuse of the antibiotics decreases the antimicrobial resistance and they lose part of their effect. Thus, bacteria spread and cause infections. Greece, in particular, is the first country in European Union (34,0 based on ECDC) due to antibiotics abuse because of the reckless prescription. It is of paramount importance our country to establish new measures that will limit the antibiotics abuse.
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Dioleti Metaxia MSc.pdf
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