“Air pollutants as risk factors for the development of emphysema”

Postgraduate Thesis uoadl:1325931 481 Read counter

Unit:
ΠΜΣ Περιβάλλον και Υγεία. Διαχείριση Περιβαλλοντικών Θεμάτων με Επιπτώσεις στην Υγεία
Library of the School of Health Sciences
Deposit date:
2016-12-12
Year:
2016
Author:
Kalavesios Andreas
Supervisors info:
Νικόλαος Καβαντζάς, Καθηγητής Παθολογικής Ανατομικής, Α΄ Εργαστήριο Παθολογικής Ανατομικής, Εθνικού και Καποδιστριακού Πανεπιστημίου Αθηνών και Διευθυντής του ΠΜΣ «Περιβάλλον και Υγεία: Διαχείριση Περιβαλλοντικών Θεμάτων με Επιπτώσεις στην Υγεία»
Πολυξένη Νικολοπούλου- Σταμάτη, Καθηγήτρια Περιβαλλοντικής Παθολογικής Ανατομικής, Α΄ Εργαστήριο Παθολογικής Ανατομικής, Εθνικού και Καποδιστριακού Πανεπιστημίου Αθηνών και Επιστημονική Υπεύθυνη του ΠΜΣ «Περιβάλλον και Υγεία: Διαχείριση Περιβαλλοντικών Θεμάτων με Επιπτώσεις στην Υγεία»
Αλέξανδρος Παπαγιάννης, Καθηγητής Εφαρμοσμένων Μαθηματικών και Φυσικών Επιστημών και Διευθυντής Τομέα Φυσικής ΣΕΜΦΕ, Εθνικού Μετσόβιου Πολυτεχνείου
Original Title:
«Οι ατμοσφαιρικοί ρύποι ως παράγοντες κινδύνου για την ανάπτυξη εμφυσήματος»
Translated title:
“Air pollutants as risk factors for the development of emphysema”
Summary:
Air pollution is a major problem of modern times, especially for urban residents. Despite the progress of science and technology in measuring and recording air pollutants and despite international regulations to control air pollutants’ emissions, there is a continuous increase of air pollution and as a result there are always more negative effects on the environment and on human health. The first human system which is affected by air pollution is the respiratory system and one of the most common, but very serious diseases caused by air pollutants is Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). The aim of the present study was to find an association between air pollutants and the development of emphysema. The methodology of the survey was data collection from international organizations, local organizations and previous studies and organizing and comparing all data, in order to get to the conclusions of the study. In the first chapter there is a discussion about the anatomy, physiology, histology and embryology of the respiratory system. In the second chapter there is an analysis in the causes, epidemiological data, radiology images, pathological and clinical symptoms and findings of COPD, as well as the treatment and prognosis of COPD. Emphasis is given to the emphysema, which is included in the umbrella term COPD, along with chronic bronchitis. In the third chapter the most common but important air pollutants are discussed. The effects that they have in the respiratory system are also discussed. All the latest data on air pollutants as risk factors for developing COPD and particularly emphysema are reported. In a separate subchapter, smoking, which is the primary risk factor for developing emphysema, is discussed. Additionally occupational dusts and particles are reported as risk factors for developing COPD. The conclusions of this thesis are the following: There are many studies showing that air pollutants can worsen the health of patients with COPD, but also can increase the number of exacerbations of COPD. There are also studies correlating air pollutants with the risk of developing emphysema. Nevertheless more studies are needed in order to find the extent to which air pollutants can cause emphysema.
Main subject category:
Health Sciences
Keywords:
COPD, Emphysema, Air pollutants
Index:
Yes
Number of index pages:
6
Contains images:
Yes
Number of references:
174
Number of pages:
xvi, 103

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