ΠΜΣ Προαγωγή Ψυχικής Υγείας-Πρόληψη Ψυχιατρικών ΔιαταραχώνLibrary of the School of Health Sciences
Μαρίνα Οικονόμου, Αναπλ. Καθηγήτρια, Ιατρική, ΕΚΠΑ
Μαρία Κοκκώση, Επικ. Καθηγήτρια, Ιατρική, ΕΚΠΑ
Δημήτρης Πλουμπίδης, Καθηγητής Ιατρικής ΕΚΠΑ
Στάσεις επαγγελματιών υγείας απένατι σε ασθενείς με ψυχικές διαταραχές
Attitudes health professional regarding mental illness
The current study focuses on the stigma of mental illness, investigating, in particular, the opinions and attitudes of health professionals regarding mental illness as well as their preferred social distance towards adults suffering from mental illness.
Materials – Methods: The sample of the study consisted of 153 health professionals working at the General Hospital of Nikaia “Saint Panteleimon”. Their mean age was 45 years; 61 were males and 92 females. 41 professionals were employed in the hospital psychiatric ward. The instruments used for this research are: “The Social Distance Scale”, the “Opinions Towards Mental Illness” –ΟΜΙ, as well as a checklist referring to socio demographic characteristics of the sample.
Results: Statistically significant correlations were found between the “Social Distance Scale” factors and the “Opinions of Mental Illness” – OMI variables. Furthermore, according to the linear regression analysis applied, OMI dimensions appear to be the predominant independent variables correlating and determining “Social Distance Scale” factors. Other variables which were identified as important determinants of social distance dimensions are: the age and the professionals’ employment in the psychiatric ward. Moreover, the predominant independent variables which seem to correlate with the “Opinions of Mental Illness”-(OMI) variables refer to: sex, educational level , three daily employment shifts and the professionals’ employment in the psychiatric ward.
Conclusions: The results of the study imply significant correlations between health professionals’ attitudes regarding mental illness and their social distance towards psychiatric patients. The appropriate training and the acquisition of qualifications in reference to mental health issues, seem to be necessary for health professionals, in order to reduce stigma, discrimination and social distance attitudes against people with mental disorders. Thus, this is a way to achieve the best possible level of health care provision.
Key Words / Phrases: attitudes regarding mental illness, social distance, stigma, schizophrenia, health professional, mental health professionals, training in mental health issues, reducing stigma and social distance
Main subject category:
Stigma, Social distance, Mental illness
Venetsanaki Euaggelia msc.pdf
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